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Nevada

Nevada

Nevada is the  35th highest population ranking
 state in the United States of America.

Nevada

Coordinates: 39°N 117°W


State of Nevada
Flag of Nevada State seal of Nevada
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Silver State (official);
Sagebrush State; Battle Born State
Motto(s): All for Our Country
Map of the United States with Nevada highlighted
Official language De jure: None
De facto: English
Demonym Nevadan
Capital Carson City
Largest city Las Vegas
Largest metro Las Vegas–Paradise, NV MSA
Area Ranked 7th
 • Total 110,653 sq mi
(286,397 km2)
 • Width 322 miles (519 km)
 • Length 492 miles (787 km)
 • % water 0.69
 • Latitude 35° N to 42° N
 • Longitude 114° 2′ W to 120° W
Population Ranked 35th
 • Total 2,890,845 (2015 est)[1]
 • Density 24.8/sq mi  (9.57/km2)
Ranked 42nd
 • Median household income $56,361 (15th)
Elevation
 • Highest point Boundary Peak[2][3][4][a]
13,147 ft (4007.1 m)
 • Mean 5,500 ft  (1680 m)
 • Lowest point Colorado River at California border[3][4]
481 ft (147 m)
Before statehood Nevada Territory, Utah Territory
Admission to Union October 31, 1864 (36th)
Governor Brian Sandoval (R)
Lieutenant Governor Mark Hutchison (R)
Legislature Nevada Legislature
 • Upper house Senate
 • Lower house Assembly
U.S. Senators Harry Reid (D)
Dean Heller (R)
U.S. House delegation 1: Dina Titus (D)
2: Mark Amodei (R)
3: Joe Heck (R)
4: Cresent Hardy (R) (list)
Time zones  
 • most of state Pacific: UTC −8/−7
 • West Wendover Mountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166 US-NV
Abbreviations NV, Nev.
Website www.nv.gov
[show]Nevada state symbols
Flag of Nevada.svg
Nevada-StateSeal.svg
Living insignia
Bird Mountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides)
Fish Lahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii henshawi)
Flower Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata)
Reptile Desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii)
Tree Bristlecone pine (Pinus monophylla)
Inanimate insignia
Mineral Silver
Motto All for our Country
Rock Sandstone
Song "Home Means Nevada"
State route marker
Nevada state route marker
State quarter
Nevada quarter dollar coin
Released in 2006
Lists of United States state symbols

Nevada (Spanish for "snow covered") is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 35th most populous, and the 9th least densely populated of the 50 United States. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area[5] where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located.[6] Nevada's capital is Carson City. Nevada is officially known as the "Silver State" due to the importance of silver to its history and economy. It is also known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War (the words "Battle Born" also appear on the state flag); as the "Sage-brush State", for the native plant of the same name; and as the "Sage-hen State".[7] Nevada borders Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east.

Nevada is largely desert and semiarid, much of it located within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are located within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U.S. federal government, both civilian and military.[8]

Before European contact, Native Americans of the Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe tribes inhabited the land that is now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish. They called the region Nevada (snowy) due to the snow which covered the mountains in winter. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and became part of Mexico when it gained independence in 1821. The United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, and it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War (the first being West Virginia).[9]

Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada was by far the least populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state.[10] However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination in the 20th century.[11][12] Nevada is the only U.S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Las Vegas (Clark County) and Reno (Washoe County) as well as Carson City, which is an independent city. The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer,[13] with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world.[14]

 

Contents

  

 

Etymology and Pronunciation

The quartzite of the Prospect Mountain Formation on top of Jeff Davis Peak in Great Basin National Park
A topographic map of Nevada

The name "Nevada" comes from the Spanish nevada [neˈβaða], meaning "snow-covered",[15] after the Sierra Nevada ("snow-covered mountain range").

Native Nevadans pronounce the second syllable of their state name using the /æ/ vowel of "bad". Many from outside the Western United States pronounce it with the /ɑː/ vowel of "father" /nəˈvɑːdə/. Although the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is not the pronunciation preferred by Nevadans. State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate (quasi-Spanish) pronunciation of Nevada,[16] though the bill was not supported by most legislators and never received a vote. The native pronunciation is the de facto official one, since it is the one used by the state legislature. The state's official tourism organization, TravelNevada, stylizes the name of the state as "Nevăda", with a breve accent over the a indicating the locally preferred pronunciation[17] which is also available as a license plate design.

Geography

Mountains west of Las Vegas in the Mojave Desert
Vegetation at Timber Creek in the Schell Creek Range
Lake Tahoe on the Nevada side

Nevada is almost entirely within the Basin and Range Province, and is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin.

Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter. Occasionally, moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; Pacific storms may blanket the area with snow. The state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F (52 °C) in Laughlin (elevation of 605 feet or 184 metres) on June 29, 1994.[18] The coldest recorded temperature was −52 °F (−47 °C) set in San Jacinto in 1972, in the northeastern portion of the state.[18]

The Humboldt River crosses the state from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock. Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker, Truckee, and Carson rivers. All of these rivers are endorheic basins, ending in Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, and the Carson Sink, respectively. However, not all of Nevada is within the Great Basin. Tributaries of the Snake River drain the far north, while the Colorado River, which also forms much of the boundary with Arizona, drains much of southern Nevada.

The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet (4,000 m), harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species. The valleys are often no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet (910 m), while some in central Nevada are above 6,000 feet (1,800 m).

The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert. The area receives less rain in the winter but is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer. The terrain is also lower, mostly below 4,000 feet (1,200 m), creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights (due to temperature inversion).

Nevada and California have by far the longest diagonal line (in respect to the cardinal directions) as a state boundary at just over 400 miles (640 km). This line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly 4 miles (6.4 km) offshore (in the direction of the boundary), and continues to the Colorado River where the Nevada, California, and Arizona boundaries merge 12 miles (19 km) southwest of the Laughlin Bridge.

The largest mountain range in the southern portion of the state is the Spring Mountain Range, just west of Las Vegas. The state's lowest point is along the Colorado River, south of Laughlin.

Nevada has 172 mountain summits with 2,000 feet (610 m) of prominence. Nevada ranks second in the US, behind Alaska, and ahead of California, Montana, and Washington. Nevada is the most mountainous state in the contiguous United States.

Climate

Nevada is the driest state in the United States.[19] It is made up of mostly desert and semiarid climate regions, and, with the exception of the Las Vegas Valley, the average summer diurnal temperature range approaches 40 °F (22 °C) in much of the state. While winters in northern Nevada are long and fairly cold, the winter season in the southern part of the state tends to be of short duration and mild. Most parts of Nevada receive scarce precipitation during the year. Most rain that falls in the state falls on the lee side (east and northeast slopes) of the Sierra Nevada.

The average annual rainfall per year is about 7 inches (18 cm); the wettest parts get around 40 inches (100 cm). Nevada's highest recorded temperature is 125 °F (52 °C) at Laughlin on June 29, 1994 and the lowest recorded temperature is −50 °F (−46 °C) at San Jacinto on January 8, 1937. Nevada's 125 °F (52 °C) reading is the third highest statewide record high temperature of a U.S. state, just behind Arizona's 128 °F (53 °C) reading and California's 134 °F (57 °C) reading.

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in Nevada[20]
Location July (°F) July (°C) December (°F) December (°C)
Las Vegas 104/81 40/27 56/38 13/3
Reno 92/57 33/14 45/25 7/–4
Carson City 89/52 32/11 45/22 7/–5
Elko 90/50 32/10 37/14 2/–9
Fallon 92/54 33/12 45/19 7/–7
Winnemucca 93/52 34/11 41/17 5/–8

Vegetation

The vegetation of Nevada is diverse and differs by state area. Nevada contains six biotic zones: alpine, sub-alpine, ponderosa pine, pinion-juniper, sagebrush and creosotebush.[21]

Counties

Further information: List of counties in Nevada
Las Vegas Strip, in Clark County
Carson City Mint in Carson City. Carson City is an independent city and the capital of Nevada.

Nevada is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties. Carson City is officially a consolidated municipality; however, for many purposes under state law it is considered to be a county. As of 1919 there were 17 counties in the state, ranging from 146 to 18,159 square miles (380 to 47,030 km2).

Lake County, one of the original nine counties formed in 1861, was renamed Roop County in 1862. Part of the county became Lassen County, California in 1864. The portion that remained in Nevada was annexed in 1883 by Washoe County.[22]

In 1969 Ormsby County was dissolved and the Consolidated Municipality of Carson City was created by the Legislature in its place co-terminous with the old boundaries of Ormsby County.

Bullfrog County was formed in 1987 from part of Nye County. After the creation was declared unconstitutional the county was abolished in 1989.[22]

Humboldt county was designated as a county in 1856 by Utah Territorial Legislature and again in 1861 by the new Nevada Legislature.

Clark County is the most populous county in Nevada, accounting for nearly three-quarters of its residents. Las Vegas, Nevada's most populous city, has been the county seat since the county was created. Clark County attracts numerous tourists. An estimated 44 million people visited Clark County in 2014.[23]

Washoe County is the second most populous county of Nevada. Its county seat is Reno. Washoe County includes the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area.

Lyon County is the third most populous county. It was one of the nine original counties created in 1861. It was named after Nathaniel Lyon, the first Union General to be killed in the Civil War. Its current county seat is Yerington. Its first county seat was established at Dayton on November 29, 1861.[24]

Nevada counties
[hide]County name County seat Year founded 2010 population[25] Percent of total Area (mi2) Percent of total Population density (/mi2)
Carson City Carson City 1861 55,274 2.63 % 146 0.13 % 378.59
Churchill Fallon 1861 24,877 0.92 % 5,023 4.54 % 4.95
Clark Las Vegas 1908 1,951,269 72.25 % 8,091 7.32 % 241.17
Douglas Minden 1861 46,997 1.74 % 738 0.67 % 63.68
Elko Elko 1869 48,818 1.81 % 17,203 15.56 % 2.84
Esmeralda Goldfield 1861 783 0.03 % 3,589 3.25 % 0.22
Eureka Eureka 1869 1,987 0.07 % 4,180 3.78 % 0.48
Humboldt Winnemucca 1856/1861 16,528 0.61 % 9,658 8.74 % 1.71
Lander Battle Mountain 1861 5,775 0.21 % 5,519 4.99 % 1.05
Lincoln Pioche 1866 5,345 0.20 % 10,637 9.62 % 0.50
Lyon Yerington 1861 51,980 1.92 % 2,016 1.82 % 25.78
Mineral Hawthorne 1911 4,772 0.18 % 3,813 3.45 % 1.25
Nye Tonopah 1864 43,946 1.63 % 18,159 16.43 % 2.42
Pershing Lovelock 1919 6,753 0.25 % 6,068 5.49 % 1.11
Storey Virginia City 1861 4,010 0.15 % 264 0.24 % 15.19
Washoe Reno 1861 421,407 15.60 % 6,551 5.93 % 64.32
White Pine Ely 1869 10,030 0.37 % 8,897 8.05 % 1.12
Totals Counties: 17 2,700,551 110,552 24.43

History

Main article: History of Nevada

Before 1861

Mexico in 1824. Alta California included today's Nevada.

Francisco Garcés was the first European in the area,[26] Nevada was annexed as a part of the Spanish Empire in the northwestern territory of New Spain. Administratively, the area of Nevada was part of the Commandancy General of the Provincias Internas in the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Nevada became a part of Alta California (Upper California) province in 1804 when the Californias were split. With the Mexican War of Independence won in 1821, the province of Alta California became a territory (state) of Mexico, with small population. Jedediah Smith entered the Las Vegas Valley in 1827, and Peter Skene Ogden traveled the Humboldt River in 1828. When the Mormons created the State of Deseret in 1847, they laid claim to all of Nevada within the Great Basin and the Colorado watershed. In June 1855, William Bringhurst and 29 fellow Mormon missionaries from Utah arrived at this site just northeast of downtown Las Vegas and built a 150-foot square adobe fort, the first permanent structure erected in the valley, which remained under the control of Salt Lake City until the winter of 1858-1859.

As a result of the Mexican–American War and the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Mexico permanently lost Alta California in 1848. The new areas acquired by the United States continued to be administered as territories. As part of the Mexican Cession (1848) and the subsequent California Gold Rush that used Emigrant Trails through the area, the state's area evolved first as part of the Utah Territory, then the Nevada Territory (March 2, 1861; named for the Sierra Nevada).[27]

Sculpture representing a steam locomotive, in Ely, Nevada. Early locomotives played an important part in Nevada's mining industry

See History of Utah, History of Las Vegas, and the discovery of the first major U.S. deposit of silver ore in Comstock Lode under Virginia City, Nevada in 1859.

Separation from Utah Territory

Nevada territory in 1861

On March 2, 1861, the Nevada Territory separated from the Utah Territory and adopted its current name, shortened from Sierra Nevada (Spanish for "snow-covered mountain range").

The 1861 southern boundary is commemorated by Nevada Historical Markers 57 and 58 in Lincoln and Nye counties.

Statehood (1864)

Eight days before the presidential election of 1864, Nevada became the 36th state in the union. Statehood was rushed to the date of October 31 to help ensure Abraham Lincoln's reelection on November 8 and post-Civil War Republican dominance in Congress,[28] as Nevada's mining-based economy tied it to the more industrialized Union. As it turned out, however, Lincoln and the Republicans won the election handily, and did not need Nevada's help.

Nevada is one of only two states to significantly expand its borders after admission to the Union. (The other is Missouri, which acquired additional territory in 1837 due to the Platte Purchase.)

In 1866 another part of the western Utah Territory was added to Nevada in the eastern part of the state, setting the current eastern boundary.

Nevada achieved its current southern boundaries on January 18, 1867, when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River, essentially all of present-day Nevada south of the 37th parallel. The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and it was thought by officials that Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom. This area includes most of what is now Clark County.

Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years (see Silver mining in Nevada). When Mark Twain lived in Nevada during the period described in Roughing It, mining had led to an industry of speculation and immense wealth. However, both mining and population declined in the late 19th century. However, the rich silver strike at Tonopah in 1900, followed by strikes in Goldfield and Rhyolite, again put Nevada's population on an upward trend.

Gambling and Labor

Gambling erupted once more following a recession in the early 20th century, helping to build the city of Las Vegas

Unregulated gambling was commonplace in the early Nevada mining towns but was outlawed in 1909 as part of a nationwide anti-gambling crusade. Because of subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression, Nevada again legalized gambling on March 19, 1931, with approval from the legislature. Governor Fred B. Balzar's signature enacted the most liberal divorce laws in the country and open gambling. The reforms came just eight days after the federal government presented the $49 million construction contract for Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam).[29]

Nuclear Testing

The Nevada Test Site, 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the city of Las Vegas, was founded on January 11, 1951, for the testing of nuclear weapons. The site consists of about 1,350 square miles (3,500 km2) of desert and mountainous terrain. Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site began with a 1 kiloton of TNT (4.2 TJ) bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat on January 27, 1951. The last atmospheric test was conducted on July 17, 1962, and the underground testing of weapons continued until September 23, 1992. The location is known for having the highest concentration of nuclear-detonated weapons in the U.S.

Over 80% of the state's area is owned by the federal government. The primary reason for this is that homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout desert Nevada. Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water (this pattern of ranching still prevails).

Demographics

Population

Nevada Population Density Map

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Nevada was 2,890,845 on July 1, 2015, a 7.05% increase since the 2010 United States Census.[1]

According to the Census Bureau's 2015 estimate, Nevada had an estimated population of 2,890,845 which is an increase of 51,746, from the prior year and an increase of 190,294, or 7.05%, since the year 2010. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 81,661 people (that is 170,451 births minus 88,790 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 337,043 people into the state. Immigration resulted in a net increase of 66,098 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 270,945 people. According to the 2006 census estimate, Nevada is the eighth fastest growing state in the nation.[30]

The center of population of Nevada is located in southern Nye County.[31] In this county, the unincorporated town of Pahrump, located 60 miles (97 km) west of Las Vegas on the California state line, has grown very rapidly from 1980 to 2010. At the 2010 census, the town had 36,441 residents.[32] Las Vegas was America's fastest-growing city and metropolitan area from 1960 to 2000, but has grown from a gulch of 100 people in 1900 to 10,000 by 1950 to 100,000 by 1970.

From about the 1940s until 2003, Nevada was the fastest-growing state in the US percentage-wise. Between 1990 and 2000, Nevada's population increased 66%, while the USA's population increased 13%. Over two thirds of the population of the state lives in the Clark County Las Vegas metropolitan area.

Henderson and North Las Vegas are among the USA's top 20 fastest-growing cities of over 100,000.

The rural community of Mesquite located 65 miles (105 km) northeast of Las Vegas was an example of micropolitan growth in the 1990s and 2000s. Other desert towns like Indian Springs and Searchlight on the outskirts of Las Vegas have seen some growth as well.

Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from California, which led some locals to feel that their state is being "Californicated".[33]

Major Cities

 

Top 10 locations by GDP

Ranked by per capita income in 2000
Rank Place GDP County
1 Incline Village-Crystal Bay $52,521 Washoe
2 Kingsbury $41,421 Douglas
3 Mount Charleston $38,821 Clark
4 Verdi-Mogul $38,233 Washoe
5 Zephyr Cove-Round Hill Village $37,218 Douglas
6 Summerlin South $33,017 Clark
7 Blue Diamond $30,479 Clark
8 Minden $30,405 Douglas
9 Boulder City $29,770 Clark
10 Spanish Springs $26,908 Washoe

Rural Areas

The Winnemucca Sand Dunes, north of Winnemucca

A small percentage of Nevada's population lives in rural areas. The culture of these places differs significantly from that of the major metropolitan areas. People in these rural counties tend to be native Nevada residents, unlike in the Las Vegas and Reno areas, where the vast majority of the population was born in another state. The rural population is also less diverse in terms of race and ethnicity. Mining plays an important role in the economies of the rural counties, with tourism being less prominent.[35] Ranching also has a long tradition in rural Nevada.[36]

Race

According to the 2010 census estimates, racial distribution was as follows:

Hispanics or Latinos of any race made 26.5% of the population.[37] In 1980, non-Hispanic whites made up 83.3% of the state's population.[38]

Nevada racial breakdown of population
[hide]Racial composition 1970[38] 1990[38] 2000[39] 2010[40]
White 86.7% 78.7% 65.2% 54.1%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 5.6% 10.4% 19.7% 26.5%
Black 5.7% 6.6% 6.8% 8.1%
Asian 0.7% 3.2% 4.5% 7.2%
Native 1.6% 1.6% 1.3% 1.2%
Other race 0.3% 4.4% 8.0% 12.0%
Two or more races 3.8% 4.7%

The principal ancestries of Nevada's residents in 2009 have been surveyed to be the following:[41]

Nevada is home to many cultures and nationalities. As of 2011, 63.6% of Nevada's population younger than age 1 were minorities.[42] Las Vegas is minority majority city . Nevada also has a sizable Basque ancestry population. In Douglas, Mineral and Pershing counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry, with Clark County (Las Vegas) alone being home to over 200,000 Mexican Americans. Nye County and Humboldt County have a plurality of Germans; and Washoe County has many Irish Americans. Americans of English descent form pluralities in Lincoln County, Churchill County, Lyon County, White Pine County and Eureka County. Las Vegas is home to rapid-growing ethnic communities, including Scandinavians, Italians, Poles, Greeks, Spaniards and Armenians. Though, Mexicans are the majority of Latinos in the state, Nevada has a relatively diverse Hispanic/Latino population.

Downtown Reno

East Las Vegas suburbs

Asian Americans lived in the state since the California Gold Rush of the 1850s brought thousands of Chinese miners to Washoe county. They were followed by a few hundred Japanese farm workers in the late 19th century. By the late 20th century, many immigrants from China, Japan, Korea, the Philippines, Bangladesh, India and Vietnam came to the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The city now has one of America's most prolific Asian American communities, with a mostly Chinese and Taiwanese area known as "Chinatown" west of I-15 on Spring Mountain Road, and an "Asiatown" shopping mall for Asian customers located at Charleston Boulevard and Paradise Road. Filipino Americans form the largest Asian American group in the state, with a population of more than 113,000. They comprise 56.5% of the Asian American population in Nevada and constitute about 4.3% of the entire state's population.[43]

Largely African American sections of Las Vegas ("the Meadows") and Reno can be found. Many current African-American Nevadans are newly transplanted residents from California.

According to the 2000 US Census, 16.19% of Nevada's population aged 5 and older speak Spanish at home, while 1.59% speak Filipino,[44] and 1% speak Chinese.

At the 2010 census, 6.9% of the state's population were reported as under 5, 24.6% were under 18, and 12.0% were 65 or older.[37] Females made up about 49.5% of the population.[37]

Las Vegas was a major destination for immigrants from South Asia and Latin America seeking employment in the gaming and hospitality industries during the 1990s and first decade of the 21st century, but farming and construction are the biggest employers of immigrant labor.

Senior citizens (over age 65) and young children or teenagers (under age 18) form large sections of the Nevada population. The religious makeup of Nevadans includes large communities of Mormons, Roman Catholics and Evangelicals; each is known for higher birth rates and a younger than national average age. American Jews represent a large proportion of the active adult retirement community.

Data from 2000 and 2005 suggests the following figures:

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 6,857
1870 42,941 526.2%
1880 62,266 45.0%
1890 47,355 −23.9%
1900 42,335 −10.6%
1910 81,875 93.4%
1920 77,407 −5.5%
1930 91,058 17.6%
1940 110,247 21.1%
1950 160,083 45.2%
1960 285,278 78.2%
1970 488,738 71.3%
1980 800,493 63.8%
1990 1,201,833 50.1%
2000 1,998,257 66.3%
2010 2,700,551 35.1%
Est. 2015 2,890,845 7.0%
Source: 1910–2010[45]
2015 estimate.[1]

Religion

Church attendance in Nevada is among the lowest of all US states. In a 2009 Gallup poll only 30% of Nevadans said they attended church weekly or almost weekly, compared to 42% of all Americans (only four states were found to have a lower attendance rate than Nevada).[46]

Major religious affiliations of the people of Nevada are:[47] Roman Catholic 25%, Protestant 35%, no religion 28%, Latter-day Saint 4%, Jewish 2%, Hindu less than 1%, Buddhist 0.5% and Islam less than 0.1%.. Parts of Nevada (in the eastern parts of the state) are situated in the Mormon Corridor.

The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 were the Roman Catholic Church with 451,070; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 175,149; and the Southern Baptist Convention with 45,535; Buddhist congregations 14,727; Bahá'í 1,723; and Muslim 1,700.[48] The Jewish community is represented by The Rohr Jewish Learning Institute and Chabad.[49][50]

Economy

Nevada quarter

MGM Grand, with sign promoting it as The City of Entertainment

Lake Tahoe on the Nevada-California border

Goldstrike (Post-Betze) Mine in the Carlin Trend, the largest Carlin-type deposit in the world, containing more than 35,000,000 troy ounces (1,100 t) gold.[51]

Ranching in Washoe County

The economy of Nevada is tied to tourism (especially entertainment and gambling related), mining, and cattle ranching. Nevada's industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment. The Bureau of Economic Analysis[52][53] estimates that Nevada's total state product in 2010 was $126 billion. The state's per capita personal income in 2009 was $38,578, ranking nineteenth in the nation.[54] Nevada's state debt in 2012 was calculated to be $7.5 billion, or $3,100 per taxpayer.[55] As of December 2014, the state's unemployment rate was 6.8%.[56]

Entertainment and Tourism

The economy of Nevada has long been tied to vice industries. "[Nevada was] founded on mining and refounded on sin—beginning with prizefighting and easy divorce a century ago and later extending to gaming and prostitution", said the August 21, 2010 issue of The Economist.[57] Resort areas like Las Vegas, Reno, Lake Tahoe, and Laughlin attract visitors from around the nation and world. In FY08 the total of 266 casinos with gaming revenue over $1m for the year, brought in revenue of $12 billion in gaming revenue, and $13 billion in non-gaming revenue. A review of gaming statistics can be found at Nevada gaming area.

Nevada has by far the most hotel rooms per capita in the United States. According to the American Hotel and Lodging Association, there were 187,301 rooms in 584 hotels (of 15 or more rooms). The state is ranked just below California, Texas, Florida, and New York in total number of rooms, but those states have much larger populations. Nevada has one hotel room for every 14 residents, far above the national average of one hotel room per 67 residents.[58]

Prostitution is legal in parts of Nevada in licensed brothels, but only counties with populations under 400,000 residents have the option to legalize it. Although prostitution employs roughly 300 women as independent contractors, and not a major part of the Nevada economy, it is a very visible endeavor. Of the 14 counties that are permitted to legalize prostitution under state law, 8 have chosen to legalize brothels. State law prohibits prostitution in Clark County (which contains Las Vegas), and Washoe County (which contains Reno). However, prostitution is legal in Storey County, which is part of the Reno–Sparks metropolitan area.

Mining

In portions of the state outside of the Las Vegas and Reno metropolitan areas mining plays a major economic role. By value, gold is by far the most important mineral mined. In 2004, 6,800,000 ounces (190,000,000 g) of gold worth $2.84 billion were mined in Nevada, and the state accounted for 8.7% of world gold production (see Gold mining in Nevada). Silver is a distant second, with 10,300,000 ounces (290,000,000 g) worth $69 million mined in 2004 (see Silver mining in Nevada).[59] Other minerals mined in Nevada include construction aggregates, copper, gypsum, diatomite and lithium. Despite its rich deposits, the cost of mining in Nevada is generally high, and output is very sensitive to world commodity prices.

Cattle Ranching

Cattle ranching is a major economic activity in rural Nevada. Nevada's agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy products, onions, and potatoes. As of January 1, 2006, there were an estimated 500,000 head of cattle and 70,000 head of sheep in Nevada.[60] Most of these animals forage on rangeland in the summer, with supplemental feed in the winter. Calves are generally shipped to out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for market. Over 90% of Nevada's 484,000 acres (196,000 ha) of cropland is used to grow hay, mostly alfalfa, for livestock feed.

Taxation

Nevada does not have a state income tax.

The state sales tax (similar to VAT or GST) in Nevada is variable depending upon the county. The minimum statewide tax rate is 6.85%, with five counties (Elko, Esmeralda, Eureka, Humboldt, and Mineral) charging this minimum amount. All other counties assess various option taxes, making the combined state/county sales taxes rate in one county as high as 8.1%, which is the amount charged in Clark County. Sales tax in the other major counties: Carson at 7.745%, Washoe at 7.725%. The minimum Nevada sales tax rate changed on July 1, 2009.[61]

Largest Employers

The largest employers in the state, as of the first fiscal quarter of 2011, are the following, according to the Nevada Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation:[62]

Transportation

State route shield

Amtrak's California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, California, serving Elko, Winnemucca, and Reno. Amtrak Thruway Motorcoaches also provide connecting service from Las Vegas to trains at Needles, California, Los Angeles, and Bakersfield, California; and from Stateline, Nevada, to Sacramento, California. Las Vegas has had no passenger train service since Amtrak's Desert Wind was discontinued in 1997, although there have been a number of proposals to re-introduce service to either Los Angeles or Southern California.

The Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and south of Nevada. Greyhound Lines provide some bus service to the state.

U.S. Route 50, also known as "The Loneliest Road in America"

Road from Carrara, Nevada towards the marble quarry in the background.

Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities. I-215 and spur route I-515 also serve the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah in the east and the Truckee River westward through Reno into California. It has a spur route, I-580. Nevada also is served by several U.S. highways: US 6, US 50, US 93, US 95 and US 395. There are also 189 Nevada state routes. Many of Nevada's counties have a system of county routes as well, though many are not signed or paved in rural areas. Nevada is one of a few states in the U.S. that does not have a continuous interstate highway linking its two major population centers—the road connection between the Las Vegas and Reno areas is made using a combination of Interstate and U.S. highways.

The state is one of just a few in the country to allow semi-trailer trucks with three trailers—what might be called a "road train" in Australia. But American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes.

RTC Transit is the public transit system in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. The agency is the largest transit agency in the state and operates a network of bus service across the Las Vegas Valley, including the use of The Deuce, double-decker buses, on the Las Vegas Strip and several outlying routes. RTC RIDE operates a system of local transit bus service throughout the Reno-Sparks metropolitan area. Other transit systems in the state include Carson City's JAC. Most other counties in the state do not have public transportation at all.

Additionally, a 4-mile (6.4 km) monorail system provides public transportation in the Las Vegas area. The Las Vegas Monorail line services several casino properties and the Las Vegas Convention Center on the east side of the Las Vegas Strip, running near Paradise Road, with a possible future extension to McCarran International Airport. Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other, which are typically several blocks in length.

McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas is the busiest airport serving Nevada. The Reno-Tahoe International Airport (formerly known as the Reno Cannon International Airport) is the other major airport in the state.

Law and Government

Government

A view of the Nevada State Legislative Building in Carson City

Main Article: Government of Nevada

The government of Nevada is defined under the Constitution of Nevada as a democratic republic with three branches of government: the executive branch consisting of the Governor of Nevada and their cabinet along with the other elected constitutional officers; the legislative branch consisting of the Nevada Legislature which includes the Assembly and the Senate; and the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court of Nevada and lower courts.

The Governor of Nevada is the chief magistrate of Nevada,[63] the head of the executive department of the state's government,[63] and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[64] The current Governor of Nevada is Brian Sandoval, a Republican.

The Nevada Legislature is a bicameral body divided into an Assembly and Senate. Members of the Assembly serve for 2 years, and members of the Senate serve for 4 years. Both houses of the Nevada Legislature will be impacted by term limits starting in 2010, as Senators and Assemblymen/women will be limited to a maximum of 12 years service in each house (by appointment or election which is a lifetime limit)—a provision of the constitution which was recently upheld by the Supreme Court of Nevada in a unanimous decision. Each session of the Legislature meets for a constitutionally mandated 120 days in every odd-numbered year, or longer if the Governor calls a special session.

The Supreme Court of Nevada is the state supreme court. Original jurisdiction is divided between the District Courts (with general jurisdiction), and Justice Courts and Municipal Courts (both of limited jurisdiction).

Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are given the authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law. A recent movement has begun to permit home rule in incorporated Nevada cities to give them more flexibility and fewer restrictions from the Legislature. Town Boards for unincorporated towns are limited local governments created by either the local county commission, or by referendum, and form a purely advisory role and in no way diminish the responsibilities of the county commission that creates them.

State Agencies

State departments and agencies:

Law

The courthouse of the Supreme Court of Nevada

In 1900, Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers. Historian Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:

"Nevada, in a burst of ingenuity, built an economy by exploiting its sovereignty. Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that were illegal in California ... after easy divorce came easy marriage and casino gaming. Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county that decides to allow it. Quite a few of them do."[66]

With the advent of air conditioning for summertime use and Southern Nevada's mild winters, the fortunes of the state began to turn around, as it did for Arizona, making these two states the fastest growing in the Union.

Prostitution

Nevada is the only state where prostitution is legal (under the form of licensed brothels).

Prostitution is specifically illegal by state law in the state's larger jurisdictions, which include Clark County (which contains Las Vegas), Washoe County (which contains Reno), and the independent city of Carson City. Otherwise, it is legal in those counties which specifically vote to permit it. When permitted, brothels are only located in rural or isolated parts of counties.

Divorce

Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact that, before the no-fault divorce revolution in the 1970s, divorces were quite difficult to obtain in the United States. Already having legalized gaming and prostitution, Nevada continued the trend of boosting its profile by adopting one of the most liberal divorce statutes in the nation. This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina (1942), 317 U.S. 287 (1942), in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that North Carolina had to give "full faith and credit" to a Nevada divorce.

Nevada's divorce rate tops the national average.[67]

Taxes

Nevada's tax laws are intended to draw new residents and businesses to the state. Nevada has no personal income tax or corporate income tax.[68] Since Nevada does not collect income data it cannot share such information with the federal government, the IRS.[69]

Nevada's state sales tax rate is 6.85 percent. Counties may impose additional rates via voter approval or through approval of the Legislature; therefore, the applicable sales tax will vary by county from 6.85 percent to 8.1 percent in Clark County. Clark County, which includes Las Vegas, imposes four separate county option taxes in addition to the statewide rate – 0.25 percent for flood control, 0.50 percent for mass transit, 0.25 percent for infrastructure, and 0.25 percent for more cops. In Washoe County, which includes Reno, the sales tax rate is 7.725 percent, due to county option rates for flood control, the ReTRAC train trench project, mass transit, and an additional county rate approved under the Local Government Tax Act of 1991.[70]

The lodging tax rate in unincorporated Clark County, which includes the Las Vegas Strip, is 12%. Within the boundaries of the cities of Las Vegas and Henderson, the lodging tax rate is 13%.

Corporations such as Apple Inc. allegedly have set up investment companies and funds in Nevada to avoid paying taxes.[71]

Gay Rights

In 2009, the Nevada Legislature passed a bill creating a domestic partnership registry that enables gay couples to enjoy the same rights as married couples. As of 2015, gay marriage is legal in Nevada.

Incorporation

Nevada provides friendly environment for the formation of corporations, and many (especially California) businesses have incorporated in Nevada to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada statute. Nevada corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome to business managers in some other states. In addition, Nevada has no franchise tax, although it does require businesses to have a license for which the business has to pay the state.

Financial Institutions

Similarly, many U.S. states have usury laws limiting the amount of interest a lender can charge, but federal law allows corporations to 'import' these laws from their home state.

Alcohol and Other Drugs

Non-alcohol drug laws are a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise libertarian principles. It is notable for having the harshest penalties for drug offenders in the country. Nevada remains the only state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for marijuana possession. However, it is now a misdemeanor for possession of less than one ounce but only for persons age 21 and older. In 2006, voters in Nevada defeated attempts to allow possession of 1 ounce of marijuana (for personal use) without being criminally prosecuted, (55% against legalization, 45% in favor of legalization). However, Nevada is one of the states that allows for use of marijuana for medical reasons (though this remains illegal under federal law).

Nevada has very liberal alcohol laws. Bars are permitted to remain open 24 hours, with no "last call". Liquor stores, convenience stores and supermarkets may also sell alcohol 24 hours per day, and may sell beer, wine and spirits.

Smoking

Nevada voters enacted a smoking ban ("The Nevada Clean Indoor Air Act") in November 2006 that became effective on December 8, 2006. It outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Smoking is permitted in bars, but only if the bar serves no food, or the bar is inside a larger casino. Smoking is also permitted in casinos, certain hotel rooms, tobacco shops, and brothels.[72] However, some businesses do not obey this law and the government tends not to enforce it.[73] In 2011, smoking restrictions in Nevada were loosened for certain places which allow only people age 21 or older inside.[74]

Crime

In 2006, the crime rate in Nevada was about 24% higher than the national average rate, though crime has since decreased. Property crimes accounted for about 85% of the total crime rate in Nevada, which was 21% higher than the national rate. The remaining 20.3% were violent crimes.[75] A complete listing of crime data in the state for 2013 can be found here:[76]

Politics

Presidential elections results
Year Democratic Republican
2012 52.36% 531,373 45.68% 463,567
2008 55.15% 533,736 42.65% 412,827
2004 47.88% 397,190 50.47% 418,690
2000 45.94% 279,978 49.49% 301,575
1996 45.60% 203,388 44.55% 198,775
1992 37.41% 189,148 34.71% 175,828

Nevada registered voters as of January 2015[77]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 571,144 40.19%
  Republican 475,326 33.45%
  Nonpartisan 280,809 19.76%
  Independent American 68,412 4.81%
  Libertarian 11,918 0.83%
Other 13,307 0.93%
Total 1,420,916 100%

State Politics

Due to heavy growth in the southern portion of the state, there is a noticeable divide between politics of northern and southern Nevada. The north has long maintained control of key positions in state government, even while the population of southern Nevada is larger than the rest of the state combined. The north sees the high population south becoming more influential and perhaps commanding majority rule. The south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to rule as an oligarchy. This has fostered some resentment, however, due to a term limit amendment passed by Nevada voters in 1994, and again in 1996, some of the north's hold over key positions will soon be forfeited to the south, leaving Northern Nevada with less power.

Historically, northern Nevada has been very Republican. The more rural counties of the north are among the most conservative regions of the country. Washoe County, home to Reno, has historically been strongly Republican, but has become more of a swing county at least at the federal level. Clark County, home to Las Vegas, has become increasingly Democratic.

Clark and Washoe counties have long dominated the state's politics. Between them, they cast 87 percent of Nevada's vote, and elect a substantial majority of the state legislature. The great majority of the state's elected officials are either from Las Vegas or Reno.

National Politics

Nevada has voted for the winner in every presidential election since 1912, except in 1976 when it voted for Gerald Ford over Jimmy Carter. This includes Nevada supporting Democrat Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, Republican George W. Bush in 2000 and 2004, and Democrat Barack Obama winning the state in both 2008 and 2012. This gives the state status as a political bellwether. Since 1912, Nevada has been carried by the presidential victor the most out of any state (25 of 26 elections).[78] Nevada was one of only three states won by John F. Kennedy in the American West in the election of 1960, albeit narrowly.[79]

The state's U.S. Senators are Democrat Harry Reid, the Senate Minority Leader, and Republican Dean Heller. The Governorship is held by Brian Sandoval, a Republican from Reno.

Voting

Nevada is the only U.S. state to have a none of the above option available on its ballots. Officially called None of These Candidates, the option was first added to the ballot in 1975 and is currently used in all elections for president and all state constitutional positions. In the event that None of These Candidates "wins" the election, the candidate with the next-highest total is still elected.

Education

Education in Nevada is achieved through public and private elementary, middle, and high schools, as well as colleges and universities.

A May 2015 educational reform law expanded school choice options to 450,000 Nevada students who are at up to 185% of the federal poverty level. Education savings accounts (ESAs) are enabled by the new law to help pay the tuition for private schools. Alternatively, families "can use funds in these accounts to also pay for textbooks and tutoring."[80][81]

Public School Districts

Public school districts in Nevada include:

Colleges and Universities

Research Institutes

Parks and Recreation Areas

Recreation areas maintained by the federal government

Northern Nevada

Southern Nevada

Wilderness

There are 68 designated wilderness areas in Nevada, protecting some 6,579,014 acres (2,662,433 ha) under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, U.S. Forest Service, and Bureau of Land Management.[82]

State Parks

Further information: List of Nevada state parks

The Nevada state parks comprise protected areas managed by the state of Nevada, including state parks, state historic sites, and state recreation areas. There are currently 24 state park units, including Van Sickle Bi-State Park which opened in July 2011 and is operated in partnership with the state of California.[83]

Sports

Nevada is not well known for its professional sports teams, but the state takes pride in college sports, most notably its college football. College teams in the state include the Nevada Wolf Pack (representing the University of Nevada, Reno) of the Mountain West Conference (MW)—and the UNLV Rebels (representing the University of Nevada, Las Vegas), also of the MW. In 2012, The University of Nevada, Reno joined its cross-state rival in the MW.

UNLV is most remembered for its men's basketball program, which experienced its height of supremacy in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Coached by Jerry Tarkanian, the Runnin' Rebels became one of the most elite programs in the country. In 1990, UNLV won the Men's Division I Championship by defeating Duke 103–73, which set tournament records for most points scored by a team and largest margin of victory in the national title game.

In 1991, UNLV finished the regular season undefeated, a feat that would not be matched in Division I men's basketball for more than 20 years. Forward Larry Johnson won several awards, including the Naismith Award. UNLV reached the Final Four yet again, but lost their national semifinal against Duke 79–77. The Runnin' Rebels were the Associated Press pre-season No. 1 back to back (1989–90, 1990–91). North Carolina is the only other team to accomplish that (2007–08, 2008–09).

Las Vegas has hosted several professional boxing matches, most recently at the MGM Grand Garden Arena with bouts such as Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield, Evander Holyfield vs. Mike Tyson II, Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather and Oscar De La Hoya vs. Manny Pacquiao.

Along with significant rises in popularity in mixed martial arts (MMA), a number of fight leagues such as the UFC have taken interest in Las Vegas as a primary event location due to the number of suitable host venues. The Mandalay Bay Events Center and MGM Grand Garden Arena are among some of the more popular venues for fighting events such as MMA and have hosted several UFC and other MMA title fights. The city has held the most UFC events with 86 events.

The state is also home to the Las Vegas Motor Speedway, which hosts the Kobalt Tools 400. The Thomas & Mack Center, home to UNLV men's basketball, also hosts two major rodeo events—the National Finals Rodeo and the PBR World Finals, the latter operated by the bull riding-only Professional Bull Riders. Finally, Sam Boyd Stadium, home to the UNLV football team, also hosts the country's biggest rugby event, the USA Sevens tournament in the World Rugby Sevens Series, as well as the AMA Supercross Championship.

The state is also home to one of the most famous tennis players of all time, Andre Agassi, and current baseball superstar Bryce Harper.

Nevada Sports Teams

Professional

College

The Nevada Aerospace Hall of Fame provides educational resources and promotes the aerospace and aviation history of the state.[84]

Military

Several United States Navy ships have been named USS Nevada in honor of the state. They include:

Area 51 is located near Groom Lake, a dry salt lake bed. The much smaller Creech Air Force Base is located in Indian Springs, Nevada; Hawthorne Army Depot in Hawthorne; the Tonopah Test Range near Tonopah; and Nellis AFB in the northeast part of the Las Vegas Valley. Naval Air Station Fallon in Fallon; NSAWC, (pronounced "EN-SOCK") in western Nevada. NSAWC consolidated three Command Centers into a single Command Structure under a flag officer on July 11, 1996. The Naval Strike Warfare Center (STRIKE "U") based at NAS Fallon since 1984, was joined with the Navy Fighter Weapons School (TOPGUN) and the Carrier Airborne Early Warning Weapons School (TOPDOME) which both moved from NAS Miramar as a result of a Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) decision in 1993 which transferred that installation back to the Marine Corps as MCAS Miramar. The Seahawk Weapon School was added in 1998 to provide tactical training for Navy helicopters.

These bases host a number of activities including the Joint Unmanned Aerial Systems Center of Excellence, the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center, Nevada Test and Training Range, Red Flag, the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds, the United States Air Force Warfare Center, the United States Air Force Weapons School, and the United States Navy Fighter Weapons School.

Songs about Nevada

  • "Silver State Fanfare" – the official state march by Gerald G. Willis. Codified by the Nevada Legislature in 2001 at NRS 235.035
  • "Nevada State March" by J.P. Meder (1848-1908), 1894
  • "Sin City" by AC/DC
  • "Sands of Nevada" from Mark Knopfler's 2000 release Sailing to Philadelphia
  • "Sin City" from Limbeck's 2005 release Let Me Come Home
  • "Home Means Nevada", the state song of Nevada, by Bertha Rafetto
  • "Nevada" by Riders in the Sky from the album Best of the West
  • "Night Time In Nevada" by Dulmage/Clint/Pascoe, 1931
  • "Nevada's Grace" by Atreyu, twelfth track off 2004's The Curse
  • "Battle Born" by The Killers, last track on the 2012 album also named Battle Born
  • "Winner's Casino" by Richmond Fontaine off the 2002 album Winnemucca
  • "Reno" by Doug Supernaw off the album Red and Rio Grande released in 1993.
  • "Ooh Las Vegas" by Gram Parsons off the album Return of the Grievous Angel.
  • "Darcy Farrow" by Jimmie Dale Gilmore off the album One Endless Night.
  • "Viva Las Vegas" recorded by Elvis Presley (1963)
  • "Goldfield" by Rocky Votolato off of the album Makers (2006)
  • "Vegas Lights" from Panic! at the Disco

Future Issues

Nevada enjoys many economic advantages, and the southern portion of the state enjoys mild winter weather, but rapid growth has led to some overcrowded roads and schools. Nevada has the nation's 5th largest school district in the Clark County School District (projected fall 2007 enrollment is 314,000 students grades K-12).[85]

Coyote Springs is a proposed community for 240,000 inhabitants in Clark and Lincoln counties. It would be Nevada's largest planned city. The town is being developed by Harvey Whittemore and has generated some controversy because of environmental concerns and allegations of political favoritism.[86]

State Symbols

Playa areas of Nevada

See also

                                                                            

                                                                                                                                                           

Nevada

                                                                                

Nevada is the  35th highest population ranking
 state in the United States of America.

 

 

















NEVADA
 
Gold Mines in Nevada in 2013

      

Bald Mountain Mine

Kinross Gold

White Pine

95,497 (2013)

Betz-Post Mine

Barrick Gold

Eureka

521,489 (2013)

Borealis Mine

Gryphon Gold Corporation

Mineral

10,556 (2013)

Coeur Rochester Mine

Coeur Mining

Pershing

30,860 (2013)

Cortez Gold Mine

Barrick Gold

Lander & Eureka

1,371,148 (2013)

Denton-Rawhide Mine

Rawhide Mining, LLC

Mineral

23,900 (2013)

Eastern Nevada Operations

Newmont Mining Corporation

Eureka & Churchill

1,020,791 (2013)

Emigrant

Newmont Mining Corporation

Elko

73,000 (2013)

Fire Creek mine

Klondex Mines Ltd

Lander

6,208 (2013)

Florida Canyon Mine

Rye Patch Gold Corp.

Pershing

46,152 (2013)

Hollister Mine

Waterton Global Mining Co.

Elko

26,641 (2013)

Hycroft Mine

 

Allied Nevada Gold Corporation

Humboldt

181,941 (2013)

Jerritt Canyon Mine

Veris Gold Corp.

Elko

139,556 (2013)

Lone Tree Mine

  Newmont Mining Corporation

Humboldt

22,931 (2013)

Lucerne Mine

Comstock Mining Inc

Storey

17,739 (2013)

Marigold Mine

Silver Standard Resources

Humboldt

161,062 (2013)

Meikle Mine

Barrick Gold

Elko

360,578 (2013)

Midas Mine

Klondex Mines Ltd

Elko

52,195 (2013)

Mineral Ridge Mine

Scorpio Gold Corp, Waterton Global

Esmeralda

39,160 (2013)

Phoenix Project

Newmont Mining Corporation

Lander

202,055 (2013)

Pinson Mine

Atna Resources Ltd

Humboldt

5,183 (2013)

Robinson Mine

KGHM Polska Miedź

White Pine

47,452 (2013)

Round Mountain Mine

Kinross Gold

Nye

314,886 (2013)

Ruby Hill Mine

Waterton Global

Eureka

91,074 (2013)

Sterling Mine

Imperial Metals

Nye

7,500 (2013)

Storm Mine

Barrick Gold

Elko

9,503 (2013)

Turquoise Ridge Joint Venture

Barrick Gold & Newmont Mining

Humboldt

223,189 (2013)

Twin Creeks Mine

Newmont Mining Corporation

Humboldt

406,847 (2013)

 

 

Mining Claims

  • § 43 CFR Parts 3710, 3730, et al. Locating, Recording, and Maintaining Mining Claims or Sites; Final Rule
  • § Mining Claim Filing Requirements in Nevada
  • § Clarification Of Fees For Recording Of Mining Documents 7/1/2016
  • § Mining Claim Procedures for Nevada Prospectors and Miners
  • § State and Federal Permit Required Before Mining or Milling Can Begin

 

http://minerals.nv.gov/Programs/Mining/Claims/

 

http://minerals.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/mineralsnvgov/content/Programs/Mining/LocatingRecordingMaintainingClaims.pdf

 

http://minerals.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/mineralsnvgov/content/Programs/Mining/MiningClaimFilingRequirements_201607.pdf

 

http://minerals.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/mineralsnvgov/content/Programs/Mining/MiningClaimProceduresSP6.pdf

 

http://minerals.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/mineralsnvgov/content/Programs/Mining/SPL6_StAndFedPermitsRequired_Rev2015.pdf

  • § BLM Locatable Minerals
  • § BLM Mining Claim Fee Requirements 9-10-2013
  • § BLM Electronic Forms (see Fluid and Solid Minerals, Mining Claims” section)
  • § BLM Cadastral Survey

 

https://www.blm.gov/programs/energy-and-minerals/mining-and-minerals/locatable-minerals

https://www.blm.gov/services/national-operations-center/electronic-forms

https://www.blm.gov/programs/lands-and-realty/cadastral-survey



Other Mines in Nevada
http://minerals.nv.gov/uploadedFiles/mineralsnvgov/content/Programs/Mining/Forms_Publications/mm2014_MajorMines2014_9Oct15.pdf

BLM    Nevada State Office

 

1340 Financial Blvd. 
Reno, NV 89502

State Office Public Room
Hours: 8:00 am - 4:00 pm PST M-F
Phone: 775-861-6500
Fax: 775-861-6606
TTY/Federal Relay System: 1-775-861-6511
E-mail: nviac@blm.gov

 

State Office


John Ruhs
State Director
Phone: 775-861-6400
Fax: 775-861-6606
E-mail: nvsoweb@blm.gov

Marci Todd
Associate State Director
Phone: 775-861-6400
Fax: 775-861-6606
E-mail: nvsoweb@blm.gov

Steve Clutter
Communications Chief
Phone: 775-861-6400
Fax: 775-861-6606
E-mail: nvsoweb@blm.gov

Raul Morales
Deputy State Director for Resources
Phone: 775-861-6400
Fax: 775-861-6606
E-mail: nvsoweb@blm.gov

Brian Amme
Deputy State Director for Minerals
Phone: 775-861-6400
Fax: 775-861-6606
E-mail: nvsoweb@blm.gov

Holly Vinall
Deputy State Director for Support Services
Phone: 775-861-6400
Fax: 775-861-6606
E-mail: nvsoweb@blm.gov

Paul Petersen
Fire Management Officer, Division of Fire & Aviation
Phone: 775-861-6400
Fax: 775-861-6606
E-mail: nvsoweb@blm.gov

Patty Kepley, Acting
Human Resources Officer
Phone: 775-861-6400
Fax: 775-861-6606
E-mail: nvsoweb@blm.gov

Battle Mountain District 


Battle Mountain District Office
Doug Furtado

District Manager
50 Bastian Road,
Battle Mountain, NV 89820
Phone: 775-635-4000
Fax: 775-635-4034
E-mail: bmfoweb@blm.gov

Mount Lewis Field Office
Jon Sherve

Field Manager
50 Bastian Road, 
Battle Mountain, NV 89820
Phone: 775-635-4000 
Fax: 775-635-4034
 

Tonopah Field Office
Tim Coward

Field Manager
1553 South Main Street, P.O. Box 911
Tonopah, NV 89049
Phone: 775-482-7800
Fax: 775-482-7810

Carson City District


Carson City District Office
Ralph Thomas

District Manager
5665 Morgan Mill Road,
Carson City, NV 89701
Phone: 775-885-6000
Fax: 775-885-6147
E-mail: ccfoweb@blm.gov

Sierra Front Field Office
Bryant Smith

Field Manager
5665 Morgan Mill Road,
Carson City, NV 89701
Phone: 775-885-6000
Fax: 775-885-6147

Stillwater Field Office
Ken Collum

Field Manager
5665 Morgan Mill Road,
Carson City, NV 89701
Phone: 775-885-6000
Fax: 775-885-6147

Elko District 


Elko District Office
Jill Silvey

District Manager
3900 Idaho Street,
Elko, NV 89801
Phone: 775-753-0200
Fax: 775-753-0255
E-mail: elfoweb@blm.gov

Tuscarora Field Office
Melanie Peterson

Field Manager
3900 Idaho Street,
Elko, NV 89801
Phone: 775-753-0200
Fax: 775-753-0255 

Wells Field Office
Melanie Peterson

Field Manager
3900 Idaho Street,
Elko, NV 89801
Phone: 775-753-0200
Fax: 775-753-0255

California Trail Interpretive Center
Alex Rose

Acting Trail Manager
1 Trail Center Way,
Elko, NV 89801
Phone: 775-738-1849
Fax: 775-753-1056

Ely District


Ely District Office
Michael Herder

District Manager
702 North Industrial Way,
Ely, NV 89301
Phone: 775-289-1800
Fax: 775-289-1910
E-mail: eyfoweb@blm.gov

Bristlecone Field Office
Jill Moore

Field Manager
702 North Industrial Way,
Ely, NV 89301
Phone: 775-289-1800
Fax: 775-289-1910

Caliente Field Office
Chris Carlton

Field Manager
P.O. Box 237 / 1400 South Front Street.
Caliente, NV 89008
Phone: 775-726-8100
Fax: 775-726-8111 

Basin and Range Monument
Alicia Styles

Monument Manager
 P.O. Box 237 / 1400 South Front Street.
Caliente, NV 89008
Phone: 775-726-8100
Fax: 775-726-8111

Southern Nevada District 


Southern Nevada District Office
Tim Smith

District Manager
4701 North Torrey Pines Drive,
Las Vegas, NV 89130
Phone: 702-515-5000
Fax: 702-515-5023
E-mail:  lvfoweb@blm.gov

Las Vegas Field Office
Gayle Marrs-Smith

Field Manager
4701 North Torrey Pines Drive,
Las Vegas, NV 89130
Phone: 702-515-5000
Fax: 702-515-5023 

Pahrump Field Office
Deb MacNeill

Field Manager
4701 North Torrey Pines Drive,
Las Vegas, NV 89130
Phone: 702-515-5000
Fax: 702-515-5023

Red Rock/Sloan Field Office
Catrina Williams

Field Manager
1000 Scenic Loop Drive,
 Las Vegas, NV 89161
Phone: 702-515-5350
Fax: 702-363-6779

Sloan Canyon National Conservation Area
Robbie McAboy

Manager
1000 Scenic Loop Drive,
Las Vegas, NV 89161
Phone: 702-515-5350
Fax: 702-363-6779

Winnemucca District


Winnemucca District Office
Mike Toombs
Acting District Manager
5100 East Winnemucca Blvd.
Winnemucca, NV 89445
Phone: 775-623-1500
Fax: 775-623-1503
E-mail: wfoweb@blm.gov

Black Rock Field Office
Mark Hall, PhD  

Acting Field Manager
5100 East Winnemucca Blvd.
Winnemucca, NV 89445
Phone: 775-623-1500
Fax: 775-623-1503 

Humboldt Field Office
David Kampwerth

Field Manager
5100 East Winnemucca Blvd.
Winnemucca, NV 89445
Phone: 775-623-1500
Fax: 775-623-1503

Black Rock Desert - High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area
Mark Hall, PhD

Acting Manager
5100 East Winnemucca Blvd.
Winnemucca, NV 89445

Phone:  775-623-1500
Fax: 775-623-1503

Black Rock Station Visitor Center
200 Transfer Road,
Gerlach, NV 89412
Phone: 775-557-2503

 

 702-383-3133

http://www.theartsfactory.com/

AUSTIN

BERLIN ICHTHYOSAUR STATE PARK

BIRD AND HIKE
http://www.birdandhike.com/

BOWERS MANSION

Brewery Performing Arts Center
449 West King
Carson City, NV. 89703
775-883-1976
http://www.breweryarts.org/

BRUKA PERFORMING ARTS THEATRE
99 North Virginia
Reno, NV.
775-323-3221
http://www.bruka.org/

CHARLESTON HEIGHTS ARTS CENTER
800 BRUSH STREET
LAS VEGAS
702-229-6383
  702-229-6511
http://www.artslasvegas.org/


DEATH VALLEY NATIONAL PARK
760-786-3200
http://www.nps.gov/deva


EUREKA OPERA HOUSE
31 South Main Street
Eureka, Nevada 89316
775-237-6006
http://www.eurekacounty.com/  



Fremont Street old Las Vegas Strip
See the World's Largest Gold Nugget at the Golden Nugget in Las Vegas


FORT CHURCHILL STATE HISTORIC MONUMENT


FUN in Las Vegas
http://www.catdrivers.com/Las_Vegas_Fun.html

Gold Butte Region

GREAT BASIN NATIONAL PARK
775-234-7517
http://www.nps.gov/grba


LAKE MEAD NATIONAL RECREATION AREA
702-253-8691
http://www.nps.gov/lake


Las Vegas Fun
http://www.catdrivers.com/Las_Vegas_Fun.html


LUNAR CRATER NATIONAL NATURAL MAAR LANDMARK IS 70 MILES NORTHEAST OF TONOPAH IN NYE COUNTY

Nevada State Parks
775-684-2770
http://parks.nv.gov

REVELLE RANGE

RANGE PROVINCE

SODA LAKES

THE SMITH CENTER
361 SYMPHONY PARK
702-749-2012
http://thesmithcenter.com/

STEAMBOAT SPRINGS LAVO DOMES

THE LAS VEGAS STRIP

THE LOST CITY

VALLEY OF FIRE STATE PARK
775-684-2770
http://www.parks.nv.gov  


VIRGINIA CITY HISTORIC DISTRICT

WHITE ROCK MOUNTAIN

YUCCA MOUNTAIN

Nevada

Catdrivers Guide to America Road Trips

Best places to see in the United States on your Road2Travel.

Nevada

Nevada is the  35th highest population ranking
 state in the United States of America.