Cat Drivers Las Vegas World Travel Guide

Arizona

 

 

ARIZONA

Arizona is the 15th highest population ranking
 state in the United States of America.



Arizona Lottery Past Winning Numbers
http://www.lotterypost.com/results/az

Arizona Lottery
http://lottery.az.gov/

 


Catdrivers Guide to America Road Trips

Best places to see in the United States on your Road2Travel.


Arizona Diamondbacks
 
Arizona Diamondbacks Address is Chase Field 401 East Jefferson Street Phoenix, AZ 85004 
Arizona Diamondbacks Phone Number is 602-462-6500 
http://www.dbacks.com/

   

Actors Theatre of Phoenix
http://www.actorstheatrephx.org/

A Day in the West
Sedona, Az
1-800-973-3662
http://www.adayinthewest.com/


Air Grand Canyon
1-800-247-4726
928-638-2686

http://www.airgrandcanyon.com/  


ALL ABOUT GRAND CANYON TOURS
1-888-244-5256
http://www.allaboutgrandcanyon.net/


ALL STAR GRAND CANYON TOURS
1-800-940-0445
928-814-8887
http://www.allstargrandcanyontours.com/

 

ALPACA TOURS
ALPACAS OF THE SOUTHWEST
1108 MCcARREL
KINGMAN, ARIZONA  86401
928-225-1450
702-338-7806
http://www.alpaca-tour.com/


AMTRAK
1-800-USA-RAIL
http://www.amtrak.com/


ANTELOPE CANYON TOURS
LAKE POWELL
NAVAJO OWNED & OPERATED
1-866-645-9102
928-645-9102
22 S. LAKE POWELL BLVD
PAGE, AZ. 86040
http://www.antelopecanyon.com/


APS Solar Water Heating
http://www.aps.com/gosolar/

AZ
Solar Coach
http://www.azsmartpower.org/


THE ARBORETUM
AT FLAGSTAFF
4001 South Woody Mountain Road
Flagstaff, Az
928-774-1442
http://www.thearb.org/


Arizona ATV ADventure Tours
800-242-6335
http://www.azatvfun.com/

ARIZONA CARDINALS
NFC WEST 

http://www.azcardinals.com/


ARIZONA DIAMONDBACKS 
CHASE FIELD
401 EAST JEFFERSON STEET
PHOENIX, AZ. 85004
602-462-6500
http://www.dbacks.com/

http://www.losdbacks.com/    




ARIZONA REPUBLIC
LARGE PHOENIX NEWSPAPER
http://www.azcentral.com/ 


ARIZONA FAMILY
http://www.azfamily.com/


ARIZONA HELICOPTER ADVENTURES
235 AIR TERMINAL DRIVE
SEDONA, AZ 86336
928-282-0904
FAX 928-282-1045
http://www.azheli.com/
 

ARIZONA MUSEUM
OF NATURAL HISTORY

53 NORTH MACDONALD STREET
MESA, AZ 85201
480-644-2230
480-644-3553
http://www.azmnh.org/ 
 
   

 Arizona Science Center
http://www.azscience.org/


Arizona Shuttle
800-888-2749
http://www.arizonashuttle.com/ 


ARIZONA SNOWBOWL
SKI LIFT LODGE & CABINS
800-472-3599
928-779-1951
http://www.arizonasnowbowl.com/


ARIZONA SOARING
MARICOPA, AZ 85239
480-821-2903
520-568-2318
http://www.azsoaring.com/


ARIZONA STRONGHOLD WINERY
1023 NORTH MAIN STREET
COTTONWOOD, AZ. 86326
929-639-2789
http://www.arizonastrongholdvineyards.com/


ARIZONA WING CAF
2017 NORTH GREENFIELD ROAD
MESA, AZ 85215
480-924-1940
http://www.azcaf.com/


Barns and Noble Book Store
http://www.barnesandnoble.com/


BEARIZONA
DRIVE-THRU WILDLIFE PARK
1 HOUR SOUTH OF SOUTH RIM
OF THE GRAND CANYON
1500 E. RT 66
Williams, Arizona 86046
928-635-2289
http://www.bearizona.com/ 


BIOSPHERE 2
THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA
32540 SOUTH BIOSHERE ROAD
ORACLE, AZ 85623
520-838-6200
http://www.b2science.org/


BLACK CANYON ADVENTURES
at the base of Hoover Dam
800-455-3490
702-294-4464
http://www.blackcanyonadventures.com/


BLAZIN' M RANCH
Chuckwagon Supper and Live Western Stage Show
TANTALIZE YOUR TASTE BUDS AND
 TICKLE YOUR FUNNY BONES
 WITH A KNEE-SLAPPING GOOD TIME
$34.95-$24.95
1875 MABERY RANCH ROAD
ADJACENT TO DEAD HORSE RANCH STATE PARK

COTTONWOOD, AZ 86326
1-800-937-8643

http://www.blazinm.com/


Blue Water Resort Casino
Parker, Az 85344
888-243-3360
http://www.bluewaterfun.com/ 

Broadway Phoenix/Tempe - Musicals, Plays & Theatre Shows
http://broadwaytour.net/broadway-tempe 

CAMERON TRADING POST
GRAND CANYON COUNTRY
1-877-221-0690
http://www.camerontradingpost.com/



CBS FIVE ARIZONA
http://www.cbs5az.com/


Chef Dodge
1332 N. Scottsdale Road
Scottsdale, Az. 85257
1-800-553-5604
480-970-1133
http://www.chiefdodge.com/


63rd ANNUAL
Coconino County Fair 

FUN FOR THE
WHOLE HERD
LABOR DAY WEEKEND
August 31, 2012 to Sept. 3, 2012  
2446 Fort Tuthill Loop
Flagstaff, Arizona 86001-8701
928-679-8000
fax 928-774-2572
$8
http://www.coconino.az.gov/parks/


GRAND CANYON
DEER FARM & PETTING ZOO
25 MILES WEST OF FLAGSTAFF
1-800-926-3337

http://www.deerfarm.com/


DeGrazia Gallery in the Sun
Legendary Landmark of Art and Architecture
6300 North Swan
Tucson, Arizona 85715
800-545-2185
520-299-9191

http://www.degrazia.org/


DESERT BOTANICAL GARDEN
1201 N. Galvin Parkway
Phoenix, Arizona 85008
480-941-1225
http://www.dbg.org/


ARIZONA-SONORA
DESERT MUSEUM
2021 North Kinney Road
Tucson, Az.  85743
520-883-4380
http://www.desertmuseum.org/


DETOURS
Tempe, Az 85284
1-866-438-6877
http://www.detoursaz.com/


DIAMOND BACKS
http://www.dbacks.com/


DOLLY STEAMBOAT
CANYON LAKE
http://www.dollysteamboat.com/


DREAM PALACE
815 N. Scottsdale Road
TEMPE, AZ 85281
480-921-8870
http://www.dreampalace.com/


EXPLORE ARIZONA TOURS

928-282-7971
http://explorearizonatours.com/

FIGHTER COMBAT INTERNATIONAL
WILLIAMS GATEWAY AIRPORT
5865 SOUTH SOSSAMAN ROAD
MESA, ARIZONA, USA 85212
1-866-FLY-HARD
480-279-1881

http://www.fightercombat.com/

CAPT. DOYLE'S
FISH RIVER TRIPS
TOPOCK GORGE, AZ 86436
866-284-3262
928-768-2667
http://www.captdoyle.com/
 

FLAGSTAFF AZ TOURS
PRIVATE TOURS DOOR TO DOOR
888-215-3105

http://www.flagstaffaztours.com/


FLAGSTAFF EXTREME
ADVENTURE COURSE
Fort Tuthill County Park
3 miles South of Flagstaff
888-259-0125
http://www.flagstaffextreme.com/ 


 
FLAGSTAFF LIVE NEWSPAPER
Flagstaff, Arizona
http://www.flaglive.com/


FLAGSTAFF NIGHT OUT
http://www.flagstaffnightout.com/ 


FLAGSTAFF SEDONA SHUTTLE
VORTEX HIKING
8:30 am From Amtrack at Flagstaff
928-451-6186
http://www.flagstaffsedonashuttle.com/


FLYING M AIR HELICOPTER TOURS
928-684-1233
928-231-0196
http://www.flyingmair.com/


FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT
12621 Frank Lloyd Wright Blvd.
Scottsdale, Arizona 85259
480-627-5340
855-860-2700

http://www.franklloydwright.org/


GOLDFIELD GHOST TOWN
Be sure to Bring Your Camera!
15 minutes from Mesa
40 minutes from Phoenix
480-983-0333
http://www.goldfieldghosttown.com/

GOLF LAND - SUN SPLASH
http://www.golfland.com/


GRAND CANYON AIRLINES
800-523-2413
http://www.grandcanyonairlines.com/


GRAND CANYON CHAMBER
http://www.therealgrandcanyon.info/


Grand Canyon Cavens
MILE MARKER 115, ROUTE 66
Peach Springs, Az 86434
928-422-3223
http://www.gocaverns.com/


GRAND CANYON NATIONAL PARK
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
928-638-7888
http://www.nps.gov./grca/

GRAND CANYON
866-471-4435
http://www.grandcanyon.org/

Grand Canyon Dinner Theatre & Steakhouse
75 minute performance at 5:30 pm & 8:30 pm
928-638-0333
http://www.grandcanyondinnertheatre.com/
http://www.grandcanyonafterdark.com/

GRAND CANYON LODGE
877-386-4383
http://www.foreverresorts.com/


GRAND CANYON RAILWAY
DEPARTING FROM WILLIAMS, AZ.
9 am
1-888-484-7245
http://www.thetrain.com/ 


GRAND CANYON TOUR GUIDE
http://www.grandcanyontourguide.com/


HALL OF FLAME
MUSEUM OF FIREFIGHTING
6101 EAST VAN BUREN STREET
Papago Park
Phoenix, Arizona
602-275-3473
fax 602-275-0896

http://www.hallofflame.org/


Harkins Theatres
http://www.harkinstheatres.com/


Hastings Bookstore
1547 South Riordan Road
Flagstaff, Az. 86001
928-779-1880

http://www.gohastings.com/

Havasu Landing Resort and Casino
800-307-3610
Havasu, Ca
800-307-3610
http://www.HavasuLanding.com/


HEARD MUSEUM
2301 NORTH CENTRAL AVENUE
PHOENIX, AZ
602-252-8848
602-252-8840
http://www.heard.org/


Hopi Sipaulovi Village Tours
Second Mesa, Arizona
928-737-5426

http://www.sipaulovihopiinformationcenter.org/


HOT AIR EXPEDITIONS
BALLOON FLIGHT
PHOENIX / SCOTTSDALE
800-831-7610
480-502-6999

http://www.hotairexpeditions.com/ 


Grand Canyon Lodges
Yavapai Lodge
$120-$160
888-297-2757
928-638-2631
http://www.grandcanyonlodges.com/


INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE MUSEUM
4800 WEST GATES PASS ROAD
TUCSON'S NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM
520-629-0100
http://www.thewildlifemuseum.org/


KARTCHNER CAVERNS
520-586-2283 RESERVATION
520-586-4100  INFORMATION
http://www.azstateparks.com/


KATHRYN WILLIS ART
928-890-7272
http://www.kathrynwillisart.com/ 

KEEPERS OF THE WILD
NATURE PARK
13441 EAST HIGHWAY 66
Valentine, Arizona 86437
928-769-1800

http://www.keepersofthewild.org/ 


KRAZY KYOTE TOURS
1-877-444-8044
http://www.krazykyote.net/


LAKE HAVASU CITY
1-800-242-8278
http://www.golakehavasu.com/


Laughlin Adventure Tours
702-298-2345
http://www.laughlinadventuretours.com/


LONDON BRIDGE JET BOAT TOURS
6 HOUR BOAT TOUR DOWN RIVER
STARTS AT LAUGHLIN, NEVADA
 9 AM $70
888-505-3545
702-298-5498
http://www.jetboattour.com/ 


LOWELL OBSERVATORY
1400 WEST MARS HILL ROAD
Flagstaff, Az 86001
$11
928-233-3211

http://www.lowell.edu/


Maverk Airlines Tours of Grand Canyon
800-218-9932
http://www.maverickairlines.com/


METEOR CRATER
I-40 EXIT 233
FLAGSTAFF,AZ
928-289-2362
RV PARK 928-289-4002
http://www.meteorcrater.com/


MIM MUSIC THEATER
4725 EAST MAYO BLVD
PHOENIX
480-478-6000
http://www.themim.org/


Mountain Link
Flagstaff Public Transit
928-779-6624
http://www.mountainline.az.gov/


Morenci Copper Mine Tour
877-646-8687

http://www.fcx.com/ 


MUSEUM OF NORTHERN ARIZONA
3101 N. FORT VALLEY ROAD
FLAGSTAFF, AZ. 86001
928-774-5213
http://www.musnaz.org/


MY FOX PHOENIX
http://www.myfoxphoenix.com/


NATIONAL OPTICAL ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY
Unlock the mysteries of the Universe at
KITT PEAK NATIONAL OBSERVATORY
Sonoran Desert in Southern Arizona
520-318-8200
520-318-8726
http://www.noao.edu/
http://www.noao.edu/outreach/kpoutreach.html


Phoenix, AZ Statistics & Demographics
http://www.mylife.com/people-search/az/phoenix/


NAVAJO-HOPI OBSERVER
Navajo & Hopi Nations near Flagstaff and Winslow, Arizona
http://www.nhonews.com/


NAVAJO NATION ZOO
HWY 264
WINDOW ROCK, AZ
M-S 10AM TO 4 PM
FREE!
http://www.navajozoo.org/index.htm/


NORTHERN ARIZONA NEWS
http://www.northernarizonanews.com/ 


 
Northern Arizona's Mountain Living Magazine
http://www.namlm.com/
 
OATMAN GHOST TOWN
OATMAN, AZ
928-768-6222
http://www.oatmangoldroad.org/ 


ORACLE STATE PARK
3820 Wildlife Drive
Oracle, AZ. 85623
520-896-2425
http://www.azstateparks.com/


Orpheum Theater
Historic Downtown Flagstaff
928-556-1580

http://www.orpheaumflagstaff.com/


OUT OF AFRICA PARK
9:30 am to 5 PM
Camp Verde, AZ
928-567-2840

http://www.outofafricapark.com/


Parker Area Information
928-669-6511

http://www.parkerareatourism.com/ 


PEPSI AMPHITHER
AT FORT TUTHILL PARK
Concerts in Flagstaff
http://www.pepsiamp.com/


PETRIFIED FOREST
928-524-6228
http://www.nps.gov/pefo/


Phoenix Center for the Arts
http://phoenixcenterforthearts.org/


Phoenix Festival of the Arts
http://phoenixfestivalofthearts.org/


Discover the History of Phoenix, AZ
https://www.phoenix.gov/pio/City-Publications/History


Phoenix New Times
http://www.phoeixnewtimes.com/


PHOENIX ZOO
455 NORTH GALVIN PARKWAY
PHENIX, AZ 85008
602-273-1341
http://www.phoenixzoo.org/


PICKIN' IN THE PINES
BLUEGRASS & ACOUSTIC MUSIC FESTIVAL
SEPTEMBER 14-16 ,2012
928-525-1695
FLAGSTAFF PESPI AMPHITHEATER
BLUE SKIES, FINGER-BUSTING JAM SESSIONS, TALENTED PERFORMERS, LIVELY CONTRA DANCES
TASTY FOOD,STARRY NIGHTS, HAPPY CAMPING,FRIENDLY FACES AND MORE

http://www.pickininthepines.org/


PIMA AIR & SPACE MUSEUM
SEE THE SR-71 BLACKBIRD SPY PLANE
ONE OF THE LARGEST AIR AND SPACE MUSEUMS IN THE WORLD
6000 East Valencia Road
Tucson, Az 85756
520-574-0462
http://www.pimaair.org/


Pinnacle Peak Patio Steakhouse
480-565-1599
http://www.pppatio.com/


PIONEER MUSEUM
2340 N. FORT VALLEY ROAD
FLAGSTAFF,AZ 86001
928-774-6272

http://www.arizonahistoricalsociety.org/


PLANES OF FAME AIR MUSEUM
VALLE AIRPORT
755 MUSTANG WAY
VALLE-WILLIAMS,AZ 86046

http://www.planesoffame.org/


POWELL MUSEUM
6 North Lake Powell Blvd
Page, Az. 86040
1-888-597-6873
928-645-9496
fax  928-645-3412
http://www.powellmuseum.org/


QUEEN MINE UNDERGROUND TOURS
BISBEE, ARIZONA
866-432-2071
520-432-2071
http://www.queenminetour.com/


Raft Arizona
800-477-7238
http://www.raftarizona.com/



    
RAFT THE COLORADO RIVER
130 6th Avenue
Page, Arizona 86040
888-522-6644
http://www.raftthecanyon.com


Rawhide Western Town & Staekhouse
490-502-5600

http://www.rawhide.com/



NORTH RIM CAMPGROUND
877-444-6777
http://www.recreation.gov/


  RIORDAN MANSION
ARIZONA STATE PARK
409 WEST RIORDAN ROAD
FLAGSTAFF, AZ 86001
928-779-4395

http://www.arizonahistoricalsociety.org/


RIVERS & OCEANS
GRAND CANYON RAFTING
12620 N.
COPELAND LANE
FLAGSTAFF, AZ. 86004
800-473-4576
928
-526-4575
http://www.rivers-oceans.com/


SEA LIFE AQUARIUM
Tempe, Az
1-877-526-3960
http://www.sealifeus.com/


SEDONA 3D MAPS
http://www.sedona3dmaps.com/


Sedona Off Road Adventures
928-282-6656
http://www.sedonaoffroadadventures.com/


SEDONA OFF ROAD CENTER
928-282-5599
http://www.sedonaoffroadcenter.com/


SEDONA TROLLEY SCENIC TOURS
276 North State Route 89A
Sedona, AZ 86336
928-282-4211

http://www.sedonatrolley.com/


Seven Wonders Scenic Tours
928-221-6164
http://www.sevenwondersscenictours.com/


SHARLT HALL MUSEUM
928-445-3122

http://sharlot.org/giftshop/


Sky Drive from 13,000 Feet
1-800-SKYDIVE
520-466-3753
http://www.skydiveaz.com/


Indoor Skydiving
1-888
-BODYFLY
http://www.skyventureaz.com/


Stagecoach Trails Guest Ranch
866-444-4471
http://www.stgr.com/


GRAND CANYON RAILWAY
DEPARTING FROM WILLIAMS, AZ.
9 am
1-888-484-7245
http://www.thetrain.com/ 


TOUR SANTA CRUZ VALLEY
TUBAC, AZ. 85646
520-398-0007
 
http://www.santacruzvalley.com/ 


VERDE CANYON RAILROAD
300 NORTH BROADWAY
Clarkdale, Az. 86324
1-800-293-7245
http://www.verdecanyonrr.com/


Visit Prescott
1-800-266-7534
http://www.visit-prescott.com/


Visit Mesa
http://www.visitmesa.com/ 

Vision Airlines Tours of Grand Canyon
1-800-256-8767
http://www.visionholidays.com/



YELLOW CAB AZ
http://www.yellowcabaz.com/


Great American Balloon Company
BALLOON RIDES in Phoenix
7117
EAST SHEA BLVD #119
SCOTTSDALE, AZ 85254
1-877-933-6359
http://www.wedofly.com/


WESTWIND AVIATION
TOURS OF GRAND CANYON
888-869-0866

http://www.westwindairservice.com/


WET N WILD
623-201-2000
http://www.wetnwildphoenix.com/


WYATT EARP HOUSE
TOMBSTONE, AZ 85638
520-457-3111
http://www.wyattearphouse.com/

 


 

 
Safety-related resources:

First Aid Kit Essentials - Child Health Online
http://www.childhealthonline.org/First%20Aid%20Kit%20examples.pdf

ZocDoc Physician Search in Phoenix, AZ
http://www.zocdoc.com/primary-care-doctors/phoenix-az

 

 

 

 





Arizona

.

State of Arizona

Nickname(s): The Grand Canyon State;
The Copper State

Motto(s): Ditat Deus (God enriches)

State song(s): "The Arizona March Song" and "Arizona"

Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted

Official language

English

Spoken languages

As of 2010

Demonym

Arizonan[1]

Capital
(and largest city)

Phoenix

Largest metro

Phoenix metropolitan area

Area

Ranked 6th

 • Total

113,990[2] sq mi
(295,234 km2)

 • Width

310 miles (500 km)

 • Length

400 miles (645 km)

 • % water

0.35

 • Latitude

31° 20′ N to 37° N

 • Longitude

109° 03′ W to 114° 49′ W

Population

Ranked 14th

 • Total

6,828,065 (2015 est)[3]

 • Density

57/sq mi  (22/km2)
Ranked 33rd

Elevation

 • Highest point

Humphreys Peak[4][5][6]
12,637 ft (3852 m)

 • Mean

4,100 ft  (1250 m)

 • Lowest point

Colorado River at the Sonora border[5][6]
72 ft (22 m)

Before statehood

Arizona Territory

Admission to Union

February 14, 1912 (48th)

Governor

Doug Ducey (R)

Secretary of State

Michele Reagan (R)

Legislature

Arizona Legislature

 • Upper house

Senate

 • Lower house

House of Representatives

U.S. Senators

John McCain (R)
Jeff Flake (R)

U.S. House delegation

5 Republicans and 4 Democrats (list)

Time zones

 

 • most of state

Mountain: UTC -7 (no DST)

 • Navajo Nation

Mountain: UTC -7/-6

ISO 3166

US-AZ

Abbreviations

AZ, Ariz.

Website

www.az.gov

 

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b1/Carnegiea_gigantea_%283%29.jpg/220px-Carnegiea_gigantea_%283%29.jpg

Saguaro cactus flowers and buds after a wet winter. This is Arizona's official state flower.

Arizona (Listeni/ɛrɪˈzoʊnə/; /ærɪˈzoʊnə/) (Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo [xòːztò xɑ̀xòːtsò]; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak [ˡaɺi ˡʃonak]) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western United States and of the Mountain West states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. It has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona's border with Mexico is 389 miles (626 km) long, on the northern border of the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.

Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912. Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase.

Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; some mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments.

About one-quarter of the state[7] is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations from voting until its state Supreme Court ruled in 1948 in favor of Native American plaintiffs.[8][9]

Contents

  

Etymology

The name of the state appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, derived from the O'odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning "small spring," which initially applied only to an area near the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora.[10][11][12][13] To the European settlers, their pronunciation sounded like "Arissona".[14] The area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O'odham language.[15] Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona ("the good oak"), as there were numerous Basque sheepherders in the area.[16][17][18]

There is a misconception that the state's name originated from the Spanish term Árida Zona ("Arid Zone").[14]

Geography and geology

Main article: Geography of Arizona

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/AZ_koppen.svg/220px-AZ_koppen.svg.png

Köppen climate types of Arizona

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ae/Grand_Canyon_Horse_Shoe_Bend_MC.jpg/220px-Grand_Canyon_Horse_Shoe_Bend_MC.jpg

The Horseshoe Bend of the Colorado River.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Monument_Valley_01.jpg/220px-Monument_Valley_01.jpg

West Mitten at Monument Valley

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Blue_Mesa_Painted_Desert.jpg/220px-Blue_Mesa_Painted_Desert.jpg

Blue Mesa at Petrified Forest National Park

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f9/USA_09847_Grand_Canyon_Luca_Galuzzi_2007.jpg/220px-USA_09847_Grand_Canyon_Luca_Galuzzi_2007.jpg

The Grand Canyon.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e1/Bellemont_Arizona_View.jpg/220px-Bellemont_Arizona_View.jpg

San Francisco Peaks seen from Bellemont, Arizona

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Saguaro_National_Park_-_Flickr_-_Joe_Parks.jpg/220px-Saguaro_National_Park_-_Flickr_-_Joe_Parks.jpg

Sonoran Desert at Saguaro National Park

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4f/Cathedral_Rock_Water-27527-1.jpg/220px-Cathedral_Rock_Water-27527-1.jpg

Cathedral Rock near Red Rock Crossing in Sedona

See also lists of counties, islands, rivers, lakes, state parks, national parks, and national forests.

Arizona is located in the Southwestern United States as one of the Four Corners states. Arizona is the sixth largest state by area, ranked after New Mexico and before Nevada. Of the state's 113,998 square miles (295,000 km2), approximately 15% is privately owned. The remaining area is public forest and park land, state trust land and Native American reservations.

Arizona is well known for its desert Basin and Range region in the southern portions of the state, which is rich in a landscape of xerophyte plants such as the cactus. The topography of this region was shaped by prehistoric volcanism, followed by the cooling-off and related subsidence. Its climate has exceptionally hot summers and mild winters. The state is less well known for its pine-covered north-central portion of the high country of the Colorado Plateau (see Arizona Mountains forests).

Like other states of the Southwest United States, Arizona has an abundance of mountains and plateaus. Despite the state's aridity, 27% of Arizona is forest,[19] a percentage comparable to modern-day France or Germany. The largest stand of ponderosa pine trees in the world is contained in Arizona.[20]

The Mogollon Rim, a 1,998-foot (609 m) escarpment, cuts across the central section of the state and marks the southwestern edge of the Colorado Plateau. In 2002 this was an area of the Rodeo–Chediski Fire, the worst fire in state history.

Located in northern Arizona, the Grand Canyon is a colorful, deep, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River. The canyon is one of the seven natural wonders of the world and is largely contained in the Grand Canyon National Park—one of the first national parks in the United States. President Theodore Roosevelt was a major proponent of designating the Grand Canyon area as a National Park, visiting on numerous occasions to hunt mountain lion and enjoy the scenery. The canyon was created by the Colorado River cutting a channel over millions of years, and is about 277 miles (446 km) long, ranges in width from 4 to 18 miles (6 to 29 km) and attains a depth of more than 1 mile (1.6 km). Nearly two billion years of the Earth's history have been exposed as the Colorado River and its tributaries cut through layer after layer of sediment as the Colorado Plateau uplifted.

Arizona is home to one of the most well-preserved meteorite impact sites in the world. Created around 50,000 years ago, the Barringer Meteorite Crater (better known simply as "Meteor Crater") is a gigantic hole in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau, about 25 miles (40 km) west of Winslow. A rim of smashed and jumbled boulders, some of them the size of small houses, rises 150 feet (46 m) above the level of the surrounding plain. The crater itself is nearly 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, and 570 feet (170 m) deep.

Arizona is one of two U.S. states that does not observe Daylight Saving Time (the other being Hawaii). The exception is within the large Navajo Nation (which does observe Daylight Saving Time), located in the northeastern region of the state.

Earthquakes

Generally, Arizona is at low risk of earthquakes, except for the southwestern portion which is at moderate risk due to its proximity to Southern California. On the other hand, Northern Arizona is at moderate risk due to numerous faults in the area. The regions near and west of Phoenix have the lowest risk.[21]

The earliest Arizona earthquakes were recorded at Fort Yuma, on the California side of the Colorado River. They were centered near the Imperial Valley, or Mexico, back in the 1800s. In 1887 Douglas felt the shock of a magnitude 7.2 earthquake with an epicenter 40 miles to the south in the Mexican state of Sonora.[22] The first damaging earthquake known to be centered within Arizona's borders occurred on January 25, 1906, also including a series of other earthquakes centered near Socorro, New Mexico. The shock was violent in Flagstaff.

In September 1910, a series of fifty-two earthquakes caused a construction crew near Flagstaff to leave the area. In 1912, the year Arizona achieved statehood, on August 18, an earthquake caused a 50-mile crack in the San Francisco Range. In early January 1935, the state experienced a series of earthquakes, in the Yuma area and near the Grand Canyon. Arizona experienced its largest earthquake in 1959, with a tremor of a magnitude 5.6. It was centered near Fredonia, in the northwestern part of the state near the border with Utah. The tremor was felt across the border in the neighboring states of Nevada and Utah.[22]

Climate

Due to its large area and variations in elevation, the state has a wide variety of localized climate conditions. In the lower elevations, the climate is primarily desert, with mild winters and extremely hot summers. Typically, from late fall to early spring, the weather is mild, averaging a minimum of 60 °F (16 °C). November through February are the coldest months, with temperatures typically ranging from 40 to 75 °F (4 to 24 °C), with occasional frosts.[23]

About midway through February, the temperatures start to rise again, with warm days, and cool, breezy nights. The summer months of June through September bring a dry heat ranging from 90–120 °F (32–49 °C), with occasional high temperatures exceeding 125 °F having been observed in the desert area.[23] Arizona's all-time record high is 128 °F (53 °C) recorded at Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994, and July 5, 2007; the all-time record low of -40° was recorded at Hawley Lake on January 7, 1971.

Due to the primarily dry climate, large diurnal temperature variations occur in less-developed areas of the desert above 2,500 feet. The swings can be as large as 50 °F (28 °C) in the summer months. In the state's urban centers, the effects of local warming result in much higher measured night-time lows than in the recent past.

Arizona has an average annual rainfall of 12.7 in (323 mm),[24] which comes during two rainy seasons, with cold fronts coming from the Pacific Ocean during the winter and a monsoon in the summer.[25] The monsoon season occurs towards the end of summer. In July or August, the dewpoint rises dramatically for a brief period. During this time, the air contains large amounts of water vapor. Dewpoints as high as 81 °F (27 °C)[26] have been recorded during the Phoenix monsoon season. This hot moisture brings lightning, thunderstorms, wind, and torrential, if usually brief, downpours. These downpours often cause flash floods, which can turn deadly. In an attempt to deter drivers from crossing flooding streams, the Arizona Legislature enacted the Stupid Motorist Law. It is rare for tornadoes or hurricanes to occur in Arizona.

The northern third of Arizona is a plateau at significantly higher altitudes than the lower desert, and has an appreciably cooler climate, with cold winters and mild summers, though the climate remains semiarid to arid. Extremely cold temperatures are not unknown; cold air systems from the northern states and Canada occasionally push into the state, bringing temperatures below 0 °F (−18 °C) to the northern parts of the state.

Indicative of the variation in climate, Arizona is the state which has both the metropolitan area with the most days over 100 °F (Phoenix), and the metropolitan area in the lower 48 states with the most days with a low temperature below freezing (Flagstaff).[27]

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in Arizona[28]

Location

July (°F)

July (°C)

December (°F)

December (°C)

Phoenix

106/83

41/28

66/45

19/7

Tucson

100/74

38/23

65/39

18/4

Yuma

107/82

41/28

68/46

20/8

Flagstaff

81/51

27/11

42/17

5/–8

Prescott

89/60

31/15

51/23

11/–4

Kingman

98/66

36/19

56/32

13/0

History

Main article: History of Arizona

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/North_Rim_of_Grand_Canyon%2C_Arizona_2005.jpg/220px-North_Rim_of_Grand_Canyon%2C_Arizona_2005.jpg

The North Rim of the Grand Canyon.

For thousands of years before the modern era, Arizona was home to numerous Native American Tribes. Hohokam, Mogollon and Ancestral Puebloan cultures were among the many that flourished throughout the entire state. Many of their pueblos, cliff side dwellings, rock paintings and other prehistoric treasures have survived, attracting thousands of tourists each year.

The first European contact by native peoples was with Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan, in 1539. He explored parts of the state and made contact with native inhabitants, probably the Sobaipuri. The expedition of Spanish explorer Coronado entered the area in 1540–1542 during its search for Cíbola.

Father Kino was the next European in the region. A member of the Society of Jesus, he led the development of a chain of missions in the region. He converted many of the Indians to Christianity in the Pimería Alta (now southern Arizona and northern Sonora) in the 1690s and early 18th century. Spain founded presidios ("fortified towns") at Tubac in 1752 and Tucson in 1775.

When Mexico achieved its independence from Spain in 1821, what is now Arizona became part of its Territory of Nueva California, also known as Alta California.[29] Descendants of ethnic Spanish and mestizo settlers from the colonial years still lived in the area, with much deeper roots than later European-American migrants from the United States.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e6/Mexico_1824_%28equirectangular_projection%29.png/220px-Mexico_1824_%28equirectangular_projection%29.png

Mexico in 1824. Alta California is the northwestern-most state.

In the Mexican–American War (1847), the US occupied Mexico City and pursued its claim to much of northern Mexico, including what later became Arizona. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) specified that, in addition to language and cultural rights of the existing inhabitants being considered as inviolable, the sum of US$15 million in compensation (equivalent to about $410 million today[30]) be paid to the Republic of Mexico.[31] In 1853 the US acquired the land below the Gila River from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase. Arizona was administered as part of the Territory of New Mexico until southern New Mexico Territory seceded[32] from the Union as the Confederate Territory of Arizona on March 16, 1861.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f1/Apache_chieff_Geronimo_%28right%29_and_his_warriors_in_1886.jpg/220px-Apache_chieff_Geronimo_%28right%29_and_his_warriors_in_1886.jpg

Geronimo (far right) and his Apache warriors fought against both Mexican and American settlers

Arizona was recognized as a Confederate Territory by presidential proclamation of Jefferson Davis on February 14, 1862. This is the first official use of the name. Arizona supported the Confederate cause with men, horses, and supplies. Formed in 1862, Arizona Scout Companies fought with the Confederate Army throughout the war. Arizona has the westernmost recorded engagement of the war, the Battle of Picacho Pass.

The federal government declared a new Arizona Territory, consisting of the western half of New Mexico Territory, in Washington, D.C., on February 24, 1863. These new boundaries would later form the basis of the state.

Although names including "Gadsonia", "Pimeria", "Montezuma", and "Arizuma" had been considered for the territory,[33] when President Lincoln signed the final bill, it read "Arizona," and that name was adopted. (Montezuma was not derived from the Aztec emperor, but was the sacred name of a divine hero to the Pima people of the Gila River Valley. It was probably considered—and rejected—for its sentimental value before Congress settled on the name "Arizona.")

Brigham Young sent Mormons to Arizona in the mid- to late 19th century. They founded Mesa, Snowflake, Heber, Safford, and other towns. They also settled in the Phoenix Valley (or "Valley of the Sun"), Tempe, Prescott, and other areas. The Mormons settled what became northern Arizona and northern New Mexico. At the time these areas were located in a part of the former New Mexico Territory.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/51/DorotheaLangeMigrantWorkersChildren.jpg/220px-DorotheaLangeMigrantWorkersChildren.jpg

Children of Depression-era migrant workers, Pinal County, 1937

20th century to present

During the Mexican Revolution from 1910 to 1920, several battles were fought in the Mexican towns just across the border from Arizona settlements. Throughout the revolution, numerous Arizonans enlisted in one of the several armies fighting in Mexico. Only two significant engagements took place on US soil between US and Mexican forces: Pancho Villa's 1916 Columbus Raid in New Mexico, and the Battle of Ambos Nogales in 1918 in Arizona. The Americans won the latter.

After US soldiers were fired on by Mexican federal troops, the American garrison launched an assault into Nogales, Mexico. The Mexicans eventually surrendered after both sides sustained heavy casualties. A few months earlier, just west of Nogales, an Indian War battle had occurred, considered the last engagement in the American Indian Wars, which lasted from 1775 to 1918. US soldiers stationed on the border confronted Yaqui Indians who were using Arizona as a base to raid the nearby Mexican settlements, as part of their wars against Mexico.

Arizona became a US state on February 14, 1912. Arizona was the 48th state admitted to the US and the last of the contiguous states to be admitted.

Eleanor Roosevelt at the Gila River relocation center, April 23, 1943

Cotton farming and copper mining, two of Arizona's most important statewide industries, suffered heavily during the Great Depression. But during the 1920s and even the 1930s, tourism began to develop as the important Arizonan industry it is today. Dude ranches, such as the K L Bar and Remuda in Wickenburg, along with the Flying V and Tanque Verde in Tucson, gave tourists the chance to take part in the flavor and activities of the "Old West". Several upscale hotels and resorts opened during this period, some of which are still top tourist draws. They include the Arizona Biltmore Hotel in central Phoenix (opened 1929) and the Wigwam Resort on the west side of the Phoenix area (opened 1936).

Arizona was the site of German POW camps during World War II and Japanese-American internment camps. Because of wartime fears of Japanese invasion of the West Coast and racial discrimination, the government authorized the removal of all Japanese-American residents from western Washington, western Oregon, all of California, and western Arizona. From 1942 to 1945, they were forced to reside in internment camps built in the interior of the country. Many lost their homes and businesses in the process. The camps were abolished after World War II.

The Phoenix-area German POW site was purchased after the war by the Maytag family (of major home appliance fame). It was developed as the site of the Phoenix Zoo. A Japanese-American internment camp was located on Mount Lemmon, just outside the state's southeastern city of Tucson. Another POW camp was located near the Gila River in eastern Yuma County.

Arizona was also home to the Phoenix Indian School, one of several federal Indian boarding schools designed to assimilate Native American children into mainstream European-American culture. Children were often enrolled into these schools against the wishes of their parents and families. Attempts to suppress native identities included forcing the children to cut their hair, to take and use English names, to speak only English, and to practice Christianity rather than their native religions.[34]

Numerous Native Americans from Arizona fought for the United States during World War II. Their experiences resulted in a rising activism in the postwar years to achieve better treatment and civil rights after their return to the state. After Maricopa County did not allow them to register to vote, in 1948 veteran Frank Harrison and Harry Austin, of the Mojave-Apache Tribe at Fort McDowell Indian Reservation, brought a legal suit, Harrison and Austin v. Laveen, to challenge this exclusion. The Arizona Supreme Court ruled in their favor.[8][9]

Arizona's population grew tremendously with residential and business development after World War II, aided by the widespread use of air conditioning, which made the intensely hot summers more comfortable. According to the Arizona Blue Book (published by the Arizona Secretary of State's office each year), the state population in 1910 was 294,353. By 1970, it was 1,752,122. The percentage growth each decade averaged about 20% in the earlier decades, and about 60% each decade thereafter.

In the 1960s, retirement communities were developed. These were special age-restricted subdivisions catering exclusively to the needs of senior citizens; they attracted many retirees who wanted to escape the harsh winters of the Midwest and the Northeast. Sun City, established by developer Del Webb and opened in 1960, was one of the first such communities. Green Valley, south of Tucson, was another such community, designed as a retirement subdivision for Arizona's teachers. Many senior citizens from across the U.S. and Canada come to Arizona each winter and stay only during the winter months; they are referred to as snowbirds.

In March 2000, Arizona was the site of the first legally binding election ever held over the internet to nominate a candidate for public office.[35] In the 2000 Arizona Democratic Primary, under worldwide attention, Al Gore defeated Bill Bradley. Voter turnout in this state primary increased more than 500% over the 1996 primary.

Three ships named USS Arizona have been christened in honor of the state, although only USS Arizona (BB-39) was so named after statehood was achieved.

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Arizona

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f4/Arizona_population_map.png/350px-Arizona_population_map.png

A population density map of Arizona.

Historical population

Census

Pop.

1860

6,482

1870

9,658

49.0%

1880

40,440

318.7%

1890

88,243

118.2%

1900

122,931

39.3%

1910

204,354

66.2%

1920

334,162

63.5%

1930

435,573

30.3%

1940

499,261

14.6%

1950

749,587

50.1%

1960

1,302,161

73.7%

1970

1,745,944

34.1%

1980

2,718,215

55.7%

1990

3,665,228

34.8%

2000

5,130,632

40.0%

2010

6,392,017

24.6%

Est. 2015

6,828,065

6.8%

Sources: 1910-2010[36]
2015 estimate[3]
Note that early censuses
may not include
Native Americans in Arizona

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Arizona was 6,828,065 on July 1, 2015, a 6.82% increase since the 2010 United States Census.[3]

Arizona remained sparsely settled for most of the 19th century.[37] The 1860 census reported the population of "Arizona County" to be 6,482, of whom 4,040 were listed as "Indians", 21 as "free colored", and 2,421 as "white".[38][39] Arizona's continued population growth puts an enormous stress on the state's water supply.[40] As of 2011, 61.3% of Arizona's children under the age of 1 belonged to minority groups.[41]

The population of metropolitan Phoenix increased by 45.3% from 1991 through 2001, helping to make Arizona the second fastest-growing state in the U.S. in the 1990s (the fastest was Nevada).[42] As of January 2012, the population of the Phoenix area is estimated to be over 4.3 million.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Arizona had a population of 6,392,017. In 2010, illegal immigrants constituted an estimated 7.9% of the population. This was the second highest percentage of any state in the U.S.[43][44]

Metropolitan Phoenix (4.3 million) and Tucson (1 million) are home to about five-sixths of Arizona's people (as of the 2010 census). Metro Phoenix alone accounts for two-thirds of the state's population.

Race and ethnicity

In 1980, the Census Bureau reported Arizona's population as 16.2% Hispanic, 5.6% Native American, and 74.5% non-Hispanic white.[45] In 2010, the racial makeup of the state was:

Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 29.6% of the state's population. Non-Hispanic whites formed 57.8% of the total population.[46]

Arizona racial breakdown of population

[hide]Racial composition

1970[47]

1990[47]

2000[48]

2010[49]

White

90.6%

80.8%

75.5%

73.0%

Native

5.4%

5.5%

5.0%

4.6%

Black

3.0%

3.0%

3.1%

4.1%

Asian

0.5%

1.5%

1.8%

2.8%

Native Hawaiian and
other Pacific Islander

0.1%

0.2%

Other race

0.5%

9.1%

11.6%

11.9%

Two or more races

2.9%

3.4%

Arizona's five largest ancestry groups, as of 2009, were:[50]

  1. Mexican (27.4%);
  2. German (16.0%);
  3. Irish (10.8%);
  4. English (10.1%);
  5. Italian (4.6%).

Languages

Top 10 non-English languages spoken in Arizona

Language

Percentage of population
(as of 2010)
[51]

Spanish

20.80%

Navajo

1.48%

German

0.39%

Chinese (including Mandarin)

0.39%

Tagalog

0.33%

Vietnamese

0.30%

Other North American indigenous languages (especially indigenous languages of Arizona)

0.27%

French

0.26%

Arabic

0.24%

Apache

0.18%

Korean

0.17%

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/59/Extension_spanish_arizona.png/220px-Extension_spanish_arizona.png

Extension of the Spanish language in the state of Arizona

As of 2010, 72.90% (4,215,749) of Arizona residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 20.80% (1,202,638) spoke Spanish, 1.48% (85,602) Navajo, 0.39% (22,592) German, 0.39% (22,426) Chinese (which includes Mandarin), 0.33% (19,015) Tagalog, 0.30% (17,603) Vietnamese, 0.27% (15,707) Other North American Indigenous Languages (especially indigenous languages of Arizona), and French was spoken as a main language by 0.26% (15,062) of the population over the age of five. In total, 27.10% (1,567,548) of Arizona's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.[51]

Arizona is home to the largest number of speakers of Native American languages in the 48 contiguous states, as over 85,000 individuals reported speaking Navajo,[52] and 10,403 people reported Apache, as a language spoken at home in 2005.[52] Arizona's Apache County has the highest concentration of speakers of Native American Indian languages in the United States.[53]

Important cities and towns

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f2/Scottsdale_cityscape4.jpg/220px-Scottsdale_cityscape4.jpg

View of suburban development in Scottsdale, 2006

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/41/Cochise_County_Courthouse_Bisbee_Arizona_ArtDecoDoors.jpg/170px-Cochise_County_Courthouse_Bisbee_Arizona_ArtDecoDoors.jpg

Art Deco doors, Cochise County Courthouse, Bisbee, AZ

See also: List of localities in Arizona, List of cities in Arizona (by population), and List of Arizona counties

Phoenix, located in Maricopa County, is the capital and the largest city in Arizona. Other prominent cities in the Phoenix metro area include Mesa (the third largest city in Arizona), Glendale, Peoria, Chandler, Buckeye, Sun City, Sun City West, Fountain Hills, Surprise, Gilbert, El Mirage, Avondale, Tempe, Tolleson and Scottsdale, with a total metropolitan population of just over 4.3 million.[54] It has an average July high temperature of 106 °F (41 °C), one of the highest of any metropolitan area in the United States, offset by an average January high temperature of 67 °F (19 °C), the basis of its winter appeal.

Tucson, with a metro population of just over one million, is the state's second-largest city. It is located in Pima County, approximately 110 miles (180 km) southeast of Phoenix. Tucson was incorporated in 1877, making it the oldest incorporated city in Arizona. It is home to the University of Arizona. Major incorporated suburbs of Tucson include Oro Valley and Marana northwest of the city, Sahuarita south of the city, and South Tucson in an enclave south of downtown. It has an average July temperature of 100 °F (38 °C) and winter temperatures averaging 65 °F (18 °C). Saguaro National Park, just west of the city in the Tucson Mountains, is the locale of the largest collection of Saguaro cacti in the world.

The Prescott metropolitan area includes the cities of Prescott, Cottonwood, Camp Verde and numerous other towns spread out over the 8,123 square miles (21,000 km2) of Yavapai County area. With 212,635 residents, this cluster of towns forms the third largest metropolitan area in the state. The city of Prescott (population 41,528) lies approximately 100 miles (160 km) northwest of the Phoenix metropolitan area. Situated in pine tree forests at an elevation of about 5,500 feet (1,700 m), Prescott enjoys a much cooler climate than Phoenix, with average summer highs around 88 °F (31 °C) and winter temperatures averaging 50 °F (10 °C).

Yuma is center of the fourth-largest metropolitan area in Arizona. Located in Yuma County, it is near the borders of California and Mexico. It is one of the hottest cities in the United States, with an average July high of 107 °F (42 °C). (The same month's average in Death Valley is 115 °F (46 °C).) The city features sunny days about 90% of the year. The Yuma Metropolitan Statistical Area has a population of 160,000. Yuma attracts many winter visitors from all over the United States.

Flagstaff, in Coconino County, is the largest city in northern Arizona, and is at an elevation of nearly 7,000 feet (2,100 m). With its large Ponderosa pine forests, snowy winter weather and picturesque mountains, it is a stark contrast to the desert regions typically associated with Arizona. It is sited at the base of the San Francisco Peaks, the highest mountain range in the state of Arizona, which contain Humphreys Peak, the highest point in Arizona at 12,633 feet (3,851 m). Flagstaff has a strong tourism sector, due to its proximity to numerous tourist attractions including: Grand Canyon National Park, Sedona, and Oak Creek Canyon. Historic U.S. Route 66 is the main east-west street in the town. The Flagstaff metropolitan area is home to 134,421 residents and the main campus of Northern Arizona University.

Lake Havasu City, in Mohave County, known as "Arizona's playground," was developed on the Colorado River and is named after Lake Havasu. Lake Havasu City has a population of about 53,000 people. It is famous for huge spring break parties, sunsets and the London Bridge, relocated from London, England. Lake Havasu City was founded by real estate developer Robert P. McCulloch in 1963.[55] It has two colleges, Mohave Community College and ASU Colleges in Lake Havasu City.[56]

Religion

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/Exterior_of_the_Mission_Xavier_del_Bac.jpg/220px-Exterior_of_the_Mission_Xavier_del_Bac.jpg

The Spanish mission of San Xavier del Bac, founded in 1700.

As of the year 2010, the Association of Religion Data Archives reported that the three largest denominational groups in Arizona were the Catholic Church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints and non-denominational Evangelical Protestants. The Catholic Church has the highest number of adherents in Arizona (at 930,001), followed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 410,263 members reported[57] and then non-denominational Evangelical Protestants, reporting 281,105 adherents.[58] The religious body with the largest number of congregations is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (with 836 congregations[59]) followed by the Southern Baptist Convention (with 323 congregations).

According to 2014 data of the Pew Research Center, the religious affiliation of the people of Arizona was as follows:

Religious affiliation in Arizona (2014)[60]

Affiliation

% of Arizona population

Christian

67

67

 

Protestant

39

39

 

Evangelical Protestant

26

26

 

Mainline Protestant

12

12

 

Black church

1

1

 

Catholic

21

21

 

Mormon

5

5

 

Jehovah's Witnesses

1

1

 

Eastern Orthodox

0.5

0.5

 

Other Christian

0.5

0.5

 

Unaffiliated

27

27

 

Nothing in particular

19

19

 

Agnostic

4

4

 

Atheist

3

3

 

Non-Christian faiths

6

6

 

Jewish

2

2

 

Muslim

1

1

 

Buddhist

1

1

 

Hindu

1

1

 

Other non-Christian faiths

0.5

0.5

 

Don't know/refused answer

0.5

0.5

 

Total

100

100

 

Economy

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0c/Barringer_Crater_aerial_photo_by_USGS.jpg/220px-Barringer_Crater_aerial_photo_by_USGS.jpg

Arizona's Meteor Crater is a tourist attraction.

See also: Arizona locations by per capita income

The 2011 total gross state product was $259 billion. This figure gives Arizona a larger economy than such countries as Ireland, Finland, and New Zealand. The composition of the state's economy is moderately diverse; although health care, transportation and the government remain the largest sectors.

The state's per capita income is $40,828, ranking 39th in the U.S. The state had a median household income of $50,448, making it 22nd in the country and just below the U.S. national mean.[61] Early in its history, Arizona's economy relied on the "five C's": copper (see Copper mining in Arizona), cotton, cattle, citrus, and climate (tourism). Copper is still extensively mined from many expansive open-pit and underground mines, accounting for two-thirds of the nation's output.

Employment

The state government is Arizona's largest employer, while Banner Health is the state's largest private employer, with over 39,000 employees (2016). As of March 2016[update], the state's unemployment rate was 5.4%.[62]

 

The top employment sectors in Arizona are (August 2014, excludes agriculture):

Sector

Employees (thousands)

Trade, transportation, and utilities

488.6

Government

408.5

Education and health services

392.1

Professional and business services

384.2

Leisure and hospitality

286.4

Financial activities

193.2

Manufacturing

156.0

Construction

118.2

Other services

88.2

Information

41.8

Mining and logging

13.7

Largest employers

According to The Arizona Republic, the largest private employers in the state as of 2016 were:[63]

Rank

Company

Employees

Industry

1

Banner Health

39,781

Health care

2

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.

34,856

Discount retailer

3

Kroger Co.

16,856

Grocery stores

4

McDonald's Corp.

15,781

Food service

5

Wells Fargo & Co.

15,071

Financial services

6

Albertsons Inc.

14,490

Grocery stores, retail drugstores

7

Intel Corp.

11,300

Semiconductor manufacturing

8

HonorHealth

10,600

Health care

9 (tie)

American Airlines

10,000

Airline

Home Depot Inc.

10,000

Retail home improvement

Honeywell International Inc.

10,000

Aerospace manufacturing

12

Bank of America Corp.

9,800

Financial services

13

Raytheon Co.

9,600

Defense (missile manufacturing)

14

JP Morgan Chase & Co.

9,500

Financial services

15

Bashas' Supermarkets

8,525

Grocery stores

16

Target Corp.

8,241

Discount retailer

17

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc.

8,030

Mining

18

Dignity Health

8,000

Health care

19

CVS Health

7,200

Pharmaceutical services (including retail drugstores)

20

American Express Co.

7,079

Financial services

21

Circle K Corp.

6,800

Convenience stores

22

UnitedHealthcare

6,000

Health care

23

Pinnacle West Capital Corp.

6,407

Electric utility

24

Mayo Foundation

6,274

Health care

25

Amazon.com

6,000

Online Shopping

In southern Arizona, the top ten largest public employers, as of 2011, were:[64]

Taxation

Arizona collects personal income taxes in five brackets: 2.87%, 3.20%, 3.74%, 4.72% and 5.04%. The state transaction privilege tax is 5.6%; however, county and municipal sales taxes generally add an additional 2%.

The state rate on transient lodging (hotel/motel) is 7.27%. The state of Arizona does not levy a state tax on food for home consumption or on drugs prescribed by a licensed physician or dentist. However, some cities in Arizona, including Phoenix at 2%, do levy a tax on food for home consumption.

All fifteen Arizona counties levy a tax. Incorporated municipalities also levy transaction privilege taxes which, with the exception of their hotel/motel tax, are generally in the range of 1-to-3%. These added assessments could push the combined sales tax rate to as high as 10.7%.

Single

Tax rate

Joint

Tax rate

0 – $10,000

2.870%

0 – $20,000

2.870%

$10,000 – $25,000

3.200%

$20,001 – $50,000

3.200%

$25,000 – $50,000

3.740%

$50,001 – $100,000

3.740%

$50,000 – $150,001

4.720%

$100,000 – $300,001

4.720%

$150,001 +

5.040%

$300,001 +

5.040%

Transportation

Main article: Transportation in Arizona

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/Entering_Arizona_on_I-10_Westbound.jpg/220px-Entering_Arizona_on_I-10_Westbound.jpg

Entering Arizona on I-10 from New Mexico

Highways

Interstate highways

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f3/I-8.svg/20px-I-8.svg.pngI-8 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d5/I-10.svg/20px-I-10.svg.pngI-10 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d5/I-11_%28Future%29.svg/20px-I-11_%28Future%29.svg.pngFuture I-11 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/cd/I-15.svg/20px-I-15.svg.pngI-15 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0d/I-17.svg/20px-I-17.svg.pngI‑17 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/I-19.svg/20px-I-19.svg.pngI‑19 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e2/I-40.svg/20px-I-40.svg.pngI-40

U.S. routes

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/US_60.svg/20px-US_60.svg.pngUS 60 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bf/US_64.svg/20px-US_64.svg.pngUS 64 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/US_70.svg/20px-US_70.svg.pngUS 70 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3b/US_89.svg/20px-US_89.svg.pngUS 89 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/US_93.svg/20px-US_93.svg.pngUS 93 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fa/US_95.svg/20px-US_95.svg.pngUS 95 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/73/US_160.svg/25px-US_160.svg.pngUS 160 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8f/US_163.svg/25px-US_163.svg.pngUS 163 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/US_180.svg/25px-US_180.svg.pngUS 180 | https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/10/US_191.svg/25px-US_191.svg.pngUS 191

Main interstate routes include I-17, and I-19 traveling north-south, I-8, I-10, and I-40, traveling east-west, and a short stretch of I-15 traveling northeast–southwest through the extreme northwestern corner of the state. In addition, the various urban areas are served by complex networks of state routes and highways, such as the Loop 101, which is part of Phoenix's vast freeway system.

Public transportation, Amtrak, and intercity bus

The Phoenix and Tucson metropolitan areas are served by public bus transit systems. Yuma and Flagstaff also have public bus systems. Greyhound Lines serves Phoenix, Tucson, Flagstaff, Yuma, and several smaller communities statewide.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8d/Navajo_Cowboy-1.jpg/220px-Navajo_Cowboy-1.jpg

A Navajo man on horseback in Monument Valley

A light rail system, called Valley Metro Rail, has recently been completed in Phoenix; it connects Central Phoenix with the nearby cities of Mesa and Tempe. The system officially opened for service in December 2008.

In Tucson, the Sun Link streetcar system travels through the downtown area, connecting the main University of Arizona campus with Mercado San Agustin on the western edge of downtown Tucson. Sun Link, loosely based on the Portland Streetcar, launched in July 2014.[65]

Amtrak Southwest Chief route serves the northern part of the state, stopping at Winslow, Flagstaff, Williams and Kingman. The Texas Eagle and Sunset Limited routes serve South-Central Arizona, stopping at Tucson, Maricopa, Yuma and Benson. Phoenix's Amtrak service was canceled in 1996, and now an Amtrak bus runs between Phoenix and the station in Maricopa.

Aviation

See also: List of airports in Arizona

Airports with regularly scheduled commercial flights include: Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA: PHX, ICAO: KPHX) in Phoenix (the largest airport and the major international airport in the state); Tucson International Airport (IATA: TUS, ICAO: KTUS) in Tucson; Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport (IATA: AZA, ICAO: KIWA) in Mesa; Yuma International Airport (IATA: NYL, ICAO: KNYL) in Yuma; Prescott Municipal Airport (PRC) in Prescott; Flagstaff Pulliam Airport (IATA: FLG, ICAO: KFLG) in Flagstaff, and Grand Canyon National Park Airport (IATA: GCN, ICAO: KGCN, FAA: GCN), a small, but busy, single-runway facility providing tourist flights, mostly from Las Vegas. Phoenix Sky Harbor is currently 7th busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft movements, and 17th for passenger traffic.[66][67]

Other significant airports without regularly scheduled commercial flights include Scottsdale Municipal Airport (IATA: SCF, ICAO: KSDL) in Scottsdale, and Deer Valley Airport (IATA: DVT, ICAO: KDVT, FAA: DVT) home to two flight training academies and the Nation's busiest general aviation airport.[68]

Law and government

Main article: Government of Arizona

See also: Arizona Constitution, United States congressional delegations from Arizona, List of Arizona Governors, Political party strength in Arizona, and Arizona Revised Statutes

Capitol complex

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/Azcap.jpg/220px-Azcap.jpg

The Arizona State Capitol, Phoenix

The state capital of Arizona is Phoenix. The original Capitol building, with its distinctive copper dome, was dedicated in 1901 (construction was completed for $136,000 in 1900), when the area was still a territory. Phoenix became the official state capital with Arizona's admission to the union in 1912.

The House of Representatives and Senate buildings were dedicated in 1960, and an Executive Office Building was dedicated in 1974 (the ninth floor of this building is where the Office of the Governor is located). The original Capitol building was converted into a museum.

The Capitol complex is fronted and highlighted by the richly landscaped Wesley Bolin Memorial Plaza, named after Wesley Bolin, a governor who died in office in the 1970s. Numerous monuments and memorials are on the site, including the anchor and signal mast from the USS Arizona (one of the U.S. Navy ships sunk in Pearl Harbor) and a granite version of the Ten Commandments.

State legislative branch

The Arizona Legislature is bicameral (like the legislature of every other state except Nebraska) and consists of a thirty-member Senate and a 60-member House of Representatives. Each of the thirty legislative districts has one senator and two representatives. Legislators are elected for two-year terms.

Each Legislature covers a two-year period. The first session following the general election is known as the first regular session, and the session convening in the second year is known as the second regular session. Each regular session begins on the second Monday in January and adjourns sine die (terminates for the year) no later than Saturday of the week in which the 100th day from the beginning of the regular session falls. The President of the Senate and Speaker of the House, by rule, may extend the session up to seven additional days. Thereafter, the session can only be extended by a majority vote of members present of each house.

The current majority party is the Republican Party, which has held power in both houses since 1993.

Arizona state senators and representatives are elected for two-year terms and are limited to four consecutive terms in a chamber, though there is no limit on the total number of terms. When a lawmaker is term-limited from office, it is not uncommon for him or her to run for election in the other chamber.

The fiscal year 2006–07 general fund budget, approved by the Arizona Legislature in June 2006, is slightly less than $10 billion. Besides the money spent on state agencies, it also includes more than $500 million in income- and property tax cuts, pay raises for government employees, and additional funding for the K–12 education system.

State executive branch

State of Arizona elected officials

Governor

Doug Ducey (R)

Secretary of State

Michele Reagan (R)

Attorney General

Mark Brnovich (R)

State Treasurer

Jeff DeWit (R)

Superintendent of Public Instruction

Diane Douglas (R)

State Mine Inspector

Joe Hart (R)

Corporation Commissioners

Arizona's executive branch is headed by a governor, who is elected to a four-year term. The governor may serve any number of terms, though no more than two in a row. Arizona is one of the few states that does not maintain a governor's mansion. During office the governors reside within their private residence, and all executive offices are housed in the executive tower at the state capitol. The current governor of Arizona is Doug Ducey (R).

Former Governor Jan Brewer assumed office after Janet Napolitano had her nomination by Barack Obama for Secretary of Homeland Security confirmed by the United States Senate.[69] Arizona has had four female governors, more than any other state.

Other elected executive officials include the Secretary of State, State Treasurer, State Attorney General, Superintendent of Public Instruction, State Mine Inspector and a five-member Corporation Commission. All elected officials hold a term of four years, and are limited to two consecutive terms (except the office of the State Mine Inspector, which is limited to 4 terms[70]).

Arizona is one of seven states that do not have a specified lieutenant governor. The secretary of state is the first in line to succeed the governor in the event of death, disability, resignation, or removal from office. The line of succession also includes the attorney general, state treasurer and superintendent of public instruction. Since 1977, four secretaries of state and one attorney general have risen to Arizona's governorship through these means.

State judicial branch

The Arizona Supreme Court is the highest court in Arizona. The court currently consists of one chief justice, a vice chief justice, and three associate justices. Justices are appointed by the governor from a list recommended by a bipartisan commission, and are re-elected after the initial two years following their appointment. Subsequent re-elections occur every six years. The supreme court has appellate jurisdiction in death penalty cases, but almost all other appellate cases go through the Arizona Court of Appeals beforehand. The court has original jurisdiction in a few other circumstances, as outlined in the state constitution. The court may also declare laws unconstitutional, but only while seated en banc. The court meets in the Arizona Supreme Court Building at the capitol complex (at the southern end of Wesley Bolin Plaza).

The Arizona Court of Appeals, further divided into two divisions, is the intermediate court in the state. Division One is based in Phoenix, consists of sixteen judges, and has jurisdiction in the Western and Northern regions of the state, along with the greater Phoenix area. Division Two is based in Tucson, consists of six judges, and has jurisdiction over the Southern regions of the state, including the Tucson area. Judges are selected in a method similar to the one used for state Supreme court justices.

Each county of Arizona has a superior court, the size and organization of which are varied and generally depend on the size of the particular county.

Counties

Arizona is divided into political jurisdictions designated as counties. As of 1983 there were 15 counties in the state, ranging in size from 1,238 square miles (3,210 km2) to 18,661 square miles (48,330 km2).

[hide]Arizona counties

County name

County seat

Year founded

2010 population[71]

Percent of total

Area (sq. mi.)

Percent of total

Apache

St. Johns

1879

71,518

1.12 %

11,218

9.84 %

Cochise

Bisbee

1881

131,346

2.05 %

6,219

5.46 %

Coconino

Flagstaff

1891

134,421

2.10 %

18,661

16.37 %

Gila

Globe

1881

53,597

0.84 %

4,796

4.21 %

Graham

Safford

1881

37,220

0.58 %

4,641

4.07 %

Greenlee

Clifton

1909

8,437

0.13 %

1,848

1.62 %

La Paz

Parker

1983

20,489

0.32 %

4,513

3.96 %

Maricopa

Phoenix

1871

3,817,117

59.72 %

9,224

8.09 %

Mohave

Kingman

1864

200,186

3.13 %

13,470

11.82 %

Navajo

Holbrook

1895

107,449

1.68 %

9,959

8.74 %

Pima

Tucson

1864

980,263

15.34 %

9,189

8.06 %

Pinal

Florence

1875

375,770

5.88 %

5,374

4.71 %

Santa Cruz

Nogales

1899

47,420

0.74 %

1,238

1.09 %

Yavapai

Prescott

1864

211,033

3.30 %

8,128

7.13 %

Yuma

Yuma

1864

195,751

3.06 %

5,519

4.84 %

Totals: 15

6,392,017

113,997

Federal representation

Arizona's two United States Senators are John McCain (R), the 2008 Republican Presidential Nominee, and Jeff Flake (R).

As of the start of the 114th Congress, Arizona's representatives in the United States House of Representatives are Ann Kirkpatrick (D-1), Martha McSally (R-2), Raul Grijalva (D-3), Paul Gosar (R-4), Matt Salmon (R-5), David Schweikert (R-6), Ruben Gallego (D-7), Trent Franks (R-8), and Kyrsten Sinema (D-9). Arizona gained a ninth seat in the House of Representatives due to redistricting based on Census 2010.

Political culture

Presidential elections results

Year

Republican

Democratic

2012

53.65% 1,233,654

44.59% 1,025,232

2008

53.60% 1,230,111

45.12% 1,034,707

2004

54.87% 1,104,294

44.40% 893,524

2000

50.95% 781,652

44.67% 685,341

1996

44.29% 622,073

46.52% 653,288

1992

38.47% 572,086

36.52% 543,050

1988

59.95% 702,541

38.74% 454,029

1984

66.42% 681,416

32.54% 333,854

1980

60.61% 529,688

28.24% 246,843

1976

56.37% 418,642

39.80% 295,602

1972

61.64% 402,812

30.38% 198,540

1968

54.78% 266,721

35.02% 170,514

1964

50.45% 242,535

49.45% 237,753

1960

55.52% 221,241

44.36% 176,781

See also: Elections in Arizona, Political party strength in Arizona

Voter registration and party enrollment as of March 1, 2012[update][72]

Party

Number of voters

Percentage

 

Republican

1,185,023

34%

 

Independent

1,164,373

34%

 

Democratic

1,019,050

29%

 

Libertarian Party

26,653

2%

 

Green Party

5,512

1%

Total

3,146,418

100%

From statehood through the late 1940s, Arizona was primarily dominated by the Democratic Party. During this time period, the Democratic candidate for the presidency carried the state each election, with the only exceptions being the elections of 1920, 1924 and 1928—all three of which were national Republican landslides.

In 1924 Congress had passed a law granting citizenship and suffrage to all Native Americans, some of whom had previously been excluded as members of tribes on reservations. Legal interpretations of Arizona's constitution prohibited Native Americans living on reservations from voting, classifying them as being under "guardianship."[9] This interpretation was overturned as being incorrect and unconstitutional in 1948 by the Arizona Supreme Court, following a suit by World War II Indian veterans Frank Harrison and Harry Austin, both of the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation. The landmark case is Harrison and Austin v. Laveen. After the men were refused the opportunity to register in Maricopa County, they filed suit against the registrar. The National Congress of American Indians, the Department of Justice, the Department of the Interior, and the American Civil Liberties Union all filed amicus curiae (friends of the court) briefs in the case. The State Supreme Court established the rights of Native Americans to vote in the state; at the time, they comprised about 11% of the population.[9] That year, a similar provision was overturned in New Mexico when challenged by another Indian veteran in court. These were the only two states that had continued to prohibit Native Americans from voting.[8][9]

Since the election of Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952, the majority of state voters have favored Republicans in presidential elections. Arizona voted Republican in every presidential election from 1952 to 1992, with Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan winning the state by particularly large margins. During this forty-year span, it was the only state not to be carried by a Democrat at least once.

Democrat Lyndon Johnson, in 1964, lost the state by less than 5,000 votes to Arizona Senator and native Barry Goldwater. (This was the most closely contested state in what was otherwise a landslide victory for Johnson that year.) Democrat Bill Clinton ended this streak in 1996, when he won Arizona by a little over two percentage points (Clinton had previously come within less than two percent of winning Arizona's electoral votes in 1992). Since then, the majority of the state has continued to support Republican presidential candidates by solid margins.

Since the late 20th century, the Republican Party has also dominated Arizona politics in general. The fast-growing Phoenix and Tucson suburbs became increasingly friendly to Republicans from the 1950s onward. During this time, many "Pinto Democrats," or conservative Democrats from rural areas, became increasingly willing to support Republicans at the state and national level. While the state normally supports Republicans at the federal level, Democrats are often competitive in statewide elections. Two of the last five governors have been Democrats.

On March 4, 2008, Senator John McCain effectively clinched the Republican nomination for 2008, becoming the first presidential nominee from the state since Barry Goldwater in 1964.

Arizona politics are dominated by a longstanding rivalry between its two largest counties, Maricopa and Pima—home to Phoenix and Tucson, respectively. The two counties have almost 75 percent of the state's population and cast almost 80 percent of the state's vote. They also elect a substantial majority of the state legislature.

Maricopa County is home to almost 60 percent of the state's population, and most of the state's elected officials live there. It has voted Republican in every presidential election since 1948. This includes the 1964 run of native son Barry Goldwater; he would not have carried his home state without his 20,000-vote margin in Maricopa County. Similarly, while McCain won Arizona by eight percentage points in 2008, aided by his 130,000-vote margin in Maricopa County.

In contrast, Pima County, home to Tucson, and most of southern Arizona have historically voted more Democratic. While Tucson's suburbs lean Republican, they hold to a somewhat more moderate brand of Republicanism than is common in the Phoenix area.

Arizona rejected a same-sex marriage ban in a referendum as part of the 2006 elections. Arizona was the first state in the nation to do so. Same-sex marriage was not recognized in Arizona, but this amendment would have denied any legal or financial benefits to unmarried homosexual or heterosexual couples.[73] In 2008, Arizona voters passed Proposition 102, an amendment to the state constitution to define marriage as a union of one man and one woman. It passed by a more narrow majority than similar votes in a number of other states.[74]

In 2010, Arizona passed SB 1070, called the toughest illegal immigration legislation in the nation. A fierce debate erupted between supporters and detractors of the law.[75]

The United States Supreme Court heard arguments March 18, 2013, regarding the validity of the Arizona law, which requires individuals to show documents proving U.S. citizenship in order to register to vote in national elections.[76]

Same-sex marriage

A November 2011 Public Policy Polling survey found that 44% of Arizona voters supported the legalization of same-sex marriage, while 45% opposed it and 12% were not sure. A separate question on the same survey found that 72% of respondents supported legal recognition of same-sex couples, with 40% supporting same-sex marriage, 32% supporting civil unions, 27% opposing all legal recognition and 1% not sure. Arizona Proposition 102, known by its supporters as the Marriage Protection Amendment, appeared as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment on the November 4, 2008 ballot in Arizona, where it was approved: 56.2%-43%. It amended the Arizona Constitution to define marriage as between one man and one woman.[77]

On October 17, 2014, Arizona Attorney General Tom Horne announced that his office would no longer object to same-sex marriage, in response to a U.S. District Court Ruling on Arizona Proposition 102. On that day, each county's Clerk of the Superior Court began to issue same-sex marriage licenses, and Arizona became the 31st state to legalize same-sex marriage.

Education

Elementary and secondary education

Public schools in Arizona are separated into about 220 local school districts which operate independently, but are governed in most cases by elected county school superintendents; these are in turn overseen by the Arizona State Board of Education (a division of the Arizona Department of Education) and the state Superintendent of Public Instruction (elected in partisan elections every even-numbered year when there is not a presidential election, for a four-year term). In 2005, a School District Redistricting Commission was established with the goal of combining and consolidating many of these districts.

Higher education

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a6/University_of_Arizona_mall.jpg/220px-University_of_Arizona_mall.jpg

The University of Arizona located in Tucson.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Asubiodesign.jpg/220px-Asubiodesign.jpg

Arizona State University located in Tempe.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3a/Sechrist_Hall.jpg/220px-Sechrist_Hall.jpg

Northern Arizona University located in Flagstaff.

Arizona is served by three public universities: The University of Arizona, Arizona State University, and Northern Arizona University. These schools are governed by the Arizona Board of Regents.

Private higher education in Arizona is dominated by a large number of for-profit and "chain" (multi-site) universities.[78]

Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Prescott and Prescott College are Arizona's only non-profit four-year private colleges.[79]

Arizona has a wide network of two-year vocational schools and community colleges. These colleges were governed historically by a separate statewide Board of Directors but, in 2002, the state legislature transferred almost all oversight authority to individual community college districts.[80] The Maricopa County Community College District includes 11 community colleges throughout Maricopa County and is one of the largest in the nation.

Public universities in Arizona

Private colleges and universities in Arizona

Community colleges

Sports

Main article: Sport in Arizona

Professional sports teams in Arizona include:

The University of Phoenix stadium hosted Super Bowl XLII on February 3, 2008, and Super Bowl XLIX on February 1, 2015.

Due to its numerous golf courses, Arizona is home to several stops on the PGA Tour, most notably the Phoenix Open, held at the TPC of Scottsdale, and the WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship at the Ritz-Carlton Golf Club in Marana.

Auto racing is another sport known in the state. Phoenix International Raceway in Avondale is home to NASCAR race weekends twice a year. Firebird International Raceway near Chandler is home to drag racing and other motorsport events.

College sports

College sports are also prevalent in Arizona. The Arizona State Sun Devils and the Arizona Wildcats belong to the Pac-12 Conference while the Northern Arizona Lumberjacks compete in the Big Sky Conference and the Grand Canyon Antelopes compete for in the Western Athletic Conference. The rivalry between Arizona State Sun Devils and the Arizona Wildcats predates Arizona's statehood, and is the oldest rivalry in the NCAA.[82] The Territorial Cup, first awarded in 1889 and certified as the oldest trophy in college football,[83] is awarded to the winner of the annual football game between the two schools.

Arizona also hosts several college football bowl games. The Fiesta Bowl, originally held at Sun Devil Stadium, is now held at University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale. The Fiesta Bowl is part of the new College Football Playoff (CFP). University of Phoenix Stadium was also home to the 2007 and 2011 BCS National Championship Games.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2a/SpringTrainingHoHoKamPark.jpg/220px-SpringTrainingHoHoKamPark.jpg

A spring training game between the Cubs and White Sox at HoHoKam Park.

Baseball

Arizona is a popular location for Major League Baseball spring training, as it is the site of the Cactus League. Spring training has been somewhat of a tradition] in Arizona since 1947, (i.e. the Cleveland Indians in Tucson until 1991, and the San Diego Padres in Yuma until 1992) despite the fact that the state did not have its own major league team until the state was awarded the Diamondbacks in Phoenix as an expansion team.

Art and culture

Visual arts and museums

See also: List of museums in Arizona

Phoenix Art Museum, located on the historic Central Avenue corridor in Phoenix, is the Southwest's largest collection of visual art from across the world. The museum displays international exhibitions alongside the museum's collection of more than 18,000 works of American, Asian, European, Latin American, Western American, modern and contemporary art, and fashion design. With a community education mandate since 1951, Phoenix Art Museum holds a year-round program of festivals, live performances, independent art films and educational programs. The museum also has PhxArtKids, an interactive space for children; photography exhibitions through the museum's partnership with the Center for Creative Photography; the landscaped Sculpture Garden and dining at Arcadia Farms.

Arizona is a recognized center of Native American art, with a number of galleries showcasing historical and contemporary works. The Heard Museum, also located in Phoenix, is a major repository of Native American art. Some of the signature exhibits include a full Navajo Hogan, the Mareen Allen Nichols Collection containing 260 pieces of contemporary jewelry, the Barry Goldwater Collection of 437 historic Hopi kachina dolls, and an exhibit on the 19th century boarding school experiences of Native Americans. The Heard Museum has about 250,000 visitors a year.

Sedona, Jerome, and Tubac are known as a budding artist colonies, and small arts scenes exist in the larger cities and near the state universities.

Film

See also: List of films shot in Arizona

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/33/Monument_Valley_15.jpg/220px-Monument_Valley_15.jpg

View of Monument Valley from John Ford's Point

Several major Hollywood films, such as Billy Jack, U Turn, Waiting to Exhale, Just One of the Guys, Can't Buy Me Love, Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure, The Scorpion King, The Banger Sisters, Used Cars, and Raising Arizona have been made there (as have many Westerns). The 1993 science fiction movie Fire in the Sky, based on a reported alien abduction in the town of Snowflake, was set in Snowflake. It was filmed in the Oregon towns of Oakland, Roseburg, and Sutherlin.

The 1974 film Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore, for which Ellen Burstyn won the Academy Award for Best Actress, and also starring Kris Kristofferson, was set in Tucson. The climax of the 1977 Clint Eastwood film The Gauntlet takes place in downtown Phoenix. The final segments of the 1984 film Starman take place at Meteor Crater outside Winslow. The Jeff Foxworthy comedy documentary movie Blue Collar Comedy Tour was filmed almost entirely at the Dodge Theatre. Some of Alfred Hitchcock's classic film Psycho was shot in Phoenix, the ostensible home town of the main character.

Some of the television shows filmed or set in Arizona include The New Dick Van Dyke Show, Medium, Alice, The First 48, Insomniac with Dave Attell, Cops, and America's Most Wanted. The TV sitcom Alice, which was based on the movie was set in Phoenix. Twilight had passages set in Phoenix at the beginning and the end of the film.

Music

Main article: Music of Arizona

Arizona is prominently featured in the lyrics of many Country and Western

 

Country and Western songs, such as Jamie O'Neal's hit ballad "There Is No Arizona". George Strait's "Oceanfront Property" uses "ocean front property in Arizona" as a metaphor for a sucker proposition. The line "see you down in Arizona Bay" is used in a Tool song in reference to the possibility (expressed as a hope by comedian Bill Hicks) that Southern California will one day fall into the ocean. Glen Campbell, a notable resident, popularized the song "By The Time I Get To Phoenix".

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/TakeItEasy_WinslowAZ.jpg/220px-TakeItEasy_WinslowAZ.jpg

Standin' on the Corner Park and mural in Winslow, Arizona

"Arizona" was the title of a popular song recorded by Mark Lindsay. Arizona is mentioned by the hit song "Take It Easy", written by Jackson Browne and Glenn Frey and performed by the Eagles. Arizona is also mentioned in the Beatles' song "Get Back", credited to John Lennon and Paul McCartney; McCartney sings: "JoJo  left his home in Tucson, Arizona, for some California grass." "Carefree Highway", released in 1974 by Gordon Lightfoot, takes its name from Arizona State Route 74 north of Phoenix.[84]

Arizona's budding music scene is helped by emerging bands, as well as some well-known artists. The Gin Blossoms, Chronic Future, Roger Clyne and the Peacemakers, Jimmy Eat World, Caroline's Spine, and others began their careers in Arizona. Also, a number of punk and rock bands got their start in Arizona, including JFA, The Feederz, Sun City Girls, The Meat Puppets, The Maine, The Summer Set, and more recently Authority Zero and Digital Summer.

Arizona also has many singers and other musicians. Singer, songwriter and guitarist Michelle Branch is from Sedona. Chester Bennington, the lead vocalist of Linkin Park, and mash-up artist DJ Z-Trip are both from Phoenix. One of Arizona's better known musicians is shock rocker Alice Cooper, who helped define the genre. Maynard James Keenan, the lead singer of the bands Tool, A Perfect Circle, and Puscifer, calls the town of Cornville his current home.

Other notable singers include country singers Dierks Bentley and Marty Robbins, folk singer Katie Lee, Fleetwood Mac's Stevie Nicks, CeCe Peniston, Rex Allen, 2007 American Idol winner Jordin Sparks, and Linda Ronstadt.

Arizona is also known for its heavy metal scene, which is centered in and around Phoenix. In the early to mid-1990s, it included bands such as Job for a Cowboy, Knights of the Abyss, Greeley Estates, Eyes Set To Kill, blessthefall, The Word Alive, The Dead Rabbitts, and Abigail Williams. The band Soulfly calls Phoenix home and Megadeth lived in Phoenix for about a decade. Beginning in and around 2009, Phoenix began to host a burgeoning desert rock and sludge metal underground, (ala' Kyuss in 1990s California) led by bands like Wolves of Winter, Asimov and Dead Canyon.

American composer Elliott Carter composed his first String Quartet (1950–51) while on sabbatical (from New York) in Arizona. The quartet won a Pulitzer Prize and other awards and is now a staple of the string quartet repertoire.

Miscellaneous topics

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Arizona

Some notable Arizonans involved in politics and government include:

Arizona notables in culture and the arts include:

State symbols

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Campylorhynchus_brunneicapillus_20061226.jpg/190px-Campylorhynchus_brunneicapillus_20061226.jpg

Cactus wren, the Arizona state bird

See also

  • · Arizona portal

References

  1. "Arizona – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam-webster.com. April 25, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  2. "2010 Census State Area Measurements and Internal Point Coordinates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  3. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau. December 24, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  4. "Frisco". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  5. "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  6. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  7. All about Arizona. sheppardsoftware.com. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
  8. Dr. Dean Chavers, "History of Indian voting rights and why it's important", Indian Country Today, October 29, 2012; accessed July 17, 2016. See Trujillo v. Garley (1948)
  9. Harrison v. Laveen, July 1948, Arizona Supreme Court
  10. Bright, William (2004). Native American Place Names of the United States. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, p. 47
  11. Kitt, E. O.; Pearce, T. M. (1952). "Arizona Place Name Records". Western Folklore. 11 (4): 284–287. doi:10.2307/1496233. 
  12. Harper, Douglas. "Arizona". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  13. McClintock, James (1916). Arizona, Prehistoric, Aboriginal, Pioneer, Modern: The Nation's Youngest Commonwealth within a Land of Ancient Culture. Chicago: The S.J. Clarke Publishing Co.
  14. Thompson, Clay (February 11, 2007). "No, 'arid zone' not the basis of state's name". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved December 29, 2014. 
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  18. Donald Garate, 2005, "Arizonac, a twentieth-century myth", Journal of Arizona History 46(2), pp. 161–184
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  21. "Arizona". USGS Earthquake Hazards Program Earthquake.Usgs.Gov. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  22. "Arizona". USGS Earthquake Hazards Program Earthquake.Usgs.Gov. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  23. "Arizona Climate". Desert Research Institute, Western Regional Climate Center, Reno, Nevada. December 7, 2001. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  24. Climate Assessment for the Southwest (December 1999). "The Climate of the Southwest". University of Arizona. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved March 21, 2006. 
  25. United States Geological Survey (September 2005). "Hydrologic Conditions in Arizona During 1999–2004: A Historical Perspective" (PDF). Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  26. "History for Phoenix, AZ". Weather Underground. August 31, 2006. 
  27. "Mean number of Days with Minimum Temperature Below 32F National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Retrieved March 24, 2007". Lwf.ncdc.noaa.gov. August 20, 2008. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  28. "Arizona climate averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 11, 2015. 
  29. Timothy Anna et al., Historia de México. Barcelona: Critica, 2001, p. 10.
  30. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  31. Mexican-American War as accessed on March 16, 2007, at 7:33 MST AM
  32. "Arizona Ordinance of secession presented by the Col. Sherod Hunter Camp 1525, SCV, Phoenix, Arizona". Members.tripod.com. July 23, 2007. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved July 25, 2010. 
  33. Archived 17 January 2010 at WebCite
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  35. "Arizona Democrats authorize Internet Voting for March 11 Advisory Primary", The Green Papers
  36. Resident Population Data - 2010 Census
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  38. "Arizona – Race and Hispanic Origin: 1860 to 1990.[dead link]" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau.[dead link].
  39. Census.gov Arizona - Race and Hispanic Origin: 1860 to 1990
  40. "Arizona at a crossroads over water and growth". The Arizona Republic. March 9, 2008.
  41. "Americans under age 1 now mostly minorities, but not in Ohio: Statistical Snapshot". The Plain Dealer. June 3, 2012.
  42. "Ranking Tables for Metropolitan Areas: 1990 and 2000." United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved on July 8, 2006.
  43. Slevin, Peter (April 30, 2010). "New Arizona law puts police in 'tenuous' spot". Washington Post. Washington, DC. p. A4. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  44. second to Nevada with 8.8% in 2010
  45. "Arizona - Race and Hispanic Origin: 1860 to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. [dead link]
  46. American FactFinder - Results
  47. Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States "Table 17. Arizona - Race and Hispanic Origin: 1860 to 1990". (PDF)
  48. Population of Arizona: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts
  49. 2010 Census Data
  50. American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "Arizona – Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2007-2009". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  51. "Arizona". Modern Language Association. Retrieved October 15, 2013. 
  52. 2005 American Community Survey. Retrieved from the data of the MLA, July 13, 2010
  53. Arizona has most Indian language speakers. upi.com Accessed December 12, 2011.
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  55. [1]]
  56. "Home | Colleges at Lake Havasu". Havasu.asu.edu. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  57. "LDS Facts and Statistics USA-Arizona". Mormon Newsroom. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  58. "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State membership Report". www.Thearda.com. Retrieved November 7, 2013. 
  59. "Facts and Statistics USA-Arizona". lds.org. Retrieved April 30, 2012. 
  60. "Adults in Arizona - Religion in America: U.S. Religious Data, Demographics and Statistics | Pew Research Center". Pewforum.org. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  61. "News Release" (PDF). Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  62. "Arizona Economy at a Glance". Bls.gov. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  63. "Arizona Republic 100: State's biggest employers". The Arizona Republic.
  64. "Southern Arizona Major Employers." Tucson Regional Economic Opportunities.
  65. "Tucson: Streetcar Plan Wins With 60% of Vote". Lightrailnow.org. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  66. World's busiest airports by traffic movements
  67. World's busiest airports by passenger traffic
  68. "Deer Valley Airport". Phoenix.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2010. 
  69. "Ariz. GOP would gain if Napolitano gets Obama post". KTAR. Associated Press. November 20, 2008. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  70. "Format Document". Azleg.gov. 1993-01-01. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  71. "Table 1. The Counties and the Most Populous Incorporated Places in 2010 in Arizona: 2000 and 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  72. "Voter Registration Statistics" (PDF). Arizona Secretary of State Elections Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2016. 
  73. "Arizona stands alone against marriage ban – Queer Lesbian Gay News". Gay.com. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved July 25, 2010. 
  74. Ban on gay unions solidly supported in most of Arizona Archived November 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  75. Archibold, Randal C. (April 23, 2010). "Arizona Enacts Stringent Law on Immigration". The New York Times. Retrieved December 28, 2011. 
  76. "High court to weigh Arizona voter registration case". Reuters. March 15, 2013. Retrieved March 17, 2013. 
  77. AZ pro-civil unions, remembers Goldwater fondly
  78. College Navigator – Arizona National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education
  79. College Navigator – Four-Year Schools in Arizona National Center for Education Statistics, U.S. Department of Education
  80. 2002 Legislature – HB 2710, which later became ARS 15-1444
  81. "AZ Private Postsecondary Institutions". Azhighered.org. Retrieved 2016-09-09. 
  82. Knauer, Tom (November 22, 2006). "What is the Territorial Cup?". The Wildcat Online. Archived from the original on October 8, 2008. Retrieved April 2, 2007. 
  83. Official 2007 NCAA Division I Football Records Book (PDF). National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 25, 2008. 
  84. Crawdaddy (April 1975).  Missing or empty |title= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  85. "Mary Peters". http://ntl.bts.gov/. Retrieved September 9, 2013.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  86. "Sandra Day O'Connor". .law.cornell.edu. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  87. "William Rehnquist". Directory of Federal Judges. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  88. "Dennis DeConcini". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  89. "Dennis Van Roekel". National Education Association. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  90. "Jon Kyl". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  91. "John McCain". MProject Vote Smart. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  92. "Barry Goldwater". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  93. "Bruce Babbitt". The Washington Post Company. December 15, 1999. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  94. "Rex E. Lee". Deseret News. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  95. "Janet Napolitano". MProject Vote Smart. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  96. "Jerald Jackson Taylor". apnewsarchive.com. April 3, 1995. Retrieved July 31, 2015. 
  97. Carter, Julie Meka. "Apache Trout Recovery: A Wildlife Success Story". Wildlife & Conservation. Arizona Game and Fish Department. Retrieved September 28, 2013. 
  98. Kids' Page – Arizona State Songs

Further reading

  • Bayless, Betsy, 1998, Arizona Blue Book, 1997–1998. Phoenix, Arizona.
  • McIntyre, Allan J., 2008, The Tohono O'odham and Pimeria Alta. Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina. (ISBN 978-0-7385-5633-8).
  • Miller, Tom (editor), 1986, Arizona: The Land and the People. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. (ISBN 978-0-8165-1004-7).
  • Officer, James E., 1987, Hispanic Arizona, 1536–1856. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. (ISBN 978-0-8165-0981-2).
  • Thomas, David M. (editor), 2003, Arizona Legislative Manual. In Arizona Phoenix, Arizona, Arizona Legislative Council. Google Print. Retrieved January 16, 2006.
  • Trimble, Marshall, 1998, Arizona, A Cavalcade of History. Treasure Chest Publications, Tucson, Arizona. (ISBN 978-0-918080-43-1).
  • Woosley, Anne I., 2008, Early Tucson. Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, South Carolina. (ISBN 978-0-7385-5646-8).

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  https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9d/Flag_of_Arizona.svg/23px-Flag_of_Arizona.svg.png Arizona:

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https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/27/Flag_of_Baja_California.svg/23px-Flag_of_Baja_California.svg.png Baja California

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/69/Flag_of_Sonora.svg/23px-Flag_of_Sonora.svg.png Sonora, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg/23px-Flag_of_Mexico.svg.png Mexico

 

Preceded by
New Mexico

List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union
Admitted on February 14, 1912 (48th)

Succeeded by
Alaska

 

 

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9d/Flag_of_Arizona.svg/23px-Flag_of_Arizona.svg.png State of Arizona

Phoenix (capital)

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